A History of the Druzes, Volume 1

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BRILL, 1992 - Religion - 395 pages
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"A History of the Druzes" begins with an introduction to the early history of the Druzes, focusing on the religious, political, and social features that fostered the Druze community as a religious minority with its own particular characteristics, facilitating an understanding of the Druzes today. Part two examines the period of decline of the Druzes in Lebanon and the emergence of their new center of settlement in Hawr?n as well as the socio-political significance of the decline against the background of the history of the community. Part three studies the situation of the Druze community during the years 1860-1914, when the new settlement in Hawr?n took over the role played by the community in Lebanon in the past. It discusses the rise of the Atrash family, the type of feudality that existed in Hawr?n, the interaction of the Druze community with its environment, and the community's internal socio-political development. Part four is concerned with the repercussions of the mandate system on the socio-political situation of the Druzes community in the new constellation characterized by the dispute between Britain and France and by the emergence of Arab national movements. The post-1946/48 years are dealt with in a short concluding part which surveys the Druze communities in Syria, Lebanon and Israel and provides an historical perspective in evaluating the present situation of the Druzes in each of these countries.
  

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Contents

Chapter One Origins and Early History
3
Chapter One To Hawran
31
Chapter Two The Roots of the MaroniteDruze Con
54
Chapter Three The MaroniteDruze Conflict 1841
79
Chapter Four The Road to the Civil War of 1860
103
Chapter One The Hawran Refuge
129
in the Ottoman Context
178
Chapter One A Particularist Minority Facing the French
247
Chapter Two Between Nationalism and Separatism
288
Chapter Three Druze Particularism in the Shadow of
314
Bibliography
365
Index
373
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About the author (1992)

Kais Firro is Professor of Middle Eastern History at the University of Haifa.