Poverty and Underdevelopment in Tribal Areas: (a Geographical Analysis)
This Book Attempts To Measure The Spatial Incidence Of Poverty In Tribal Areas In India, With Special Reference To Kalahandi District Of Orissa. Correlating The Physical And Environmental Factors, Such As Access To Land, Water And Forest, With The Incidence Of Poverty, It Analyses The Institutional And Social Relation Of Production In Understanding The Persistent Poverty In The Area.
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Area of Study and Methodology
Levels of Development in Kalahandi
Production Relations in Rural Kalahandi
Incidence of Poverty and Its Social Correlates
Spatial Incidence of Poverty and Its
adivasis agricultural bamboo Bandhak Barabandha Basantpada Bhairajpur Bhawanipatna block Brahmins capita cent consumption correlation crop deforestation Degam dependent Dharamgarh dongar drought earning ecological economic indicator expenditure exploitation families Fieldwork forest products Forested Upland Gauntias geographic Golamunda governmental groups higher households income from land intoxicants irrigation Kalahandi district Kesinga Khariar Konds Kultas Kusumjore lakhs landless labourers Lanjigarh literacy loan Low development Madanpur Rampur Mahua mahul Mahulpatna maize marginal farmers medium middlemen migration minor forest moneylenders Narla Nawapada Nuapada Orissa outmigration paddy percentage plain land plateau podu poor population population density poverty line Programme Ragi resource region rice Sambalpur scarcity scheduled castes scheduled tribes seeds selling shifting cultivation Sinapali social soil Source sub-micro regions Table Tel-Hatti Basin Thuamul Rampur traders tribals tribes underdevelopment valley village wage