The Open Society and Its Enemies: The spell of Plato

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Princeton University Press, 1971 - Medical - 376 pages
44 Reviews

Popper was born in 1902 to a Viennese family of Jewish origin. He taught
in Austria until 1937, when he emigrated to New Zealand in
anticipation of the Nazi annexation of Austria the following year, and
he settled in England in 1949. Before the annexation, Popper had
written mainly about the philosophy of science, but from 1938 until
the end of the Second World War he focused his energies on political
philosophy, seeking to diagnose the intellectual origins of German and
Soviet totalitarianism. TheOpen Society and Its Enemieswas
the result.

In the book, Popper condemned Plato, Marx, and
Hegel as "holists" and "historicists"--a holist, according to Popper,
believes that individuals are formed entirely by their social groups;
historicists believe that social groups evolve according to internal
principles that it is the intellectual's task to uncover. Popper, by
contrast, held that social affairs are unpredictable, and argued
vehemently against social engineering. He also sought to shift the
focus of political philosophy away from questions about who ought to
rule toward questions about how to minimize the damage done by the
powerful. The book was an immediate sensation, and--though it has long
been criticized for its portrayals of Plato, Marx, and Hegel--it has
remained a landmark on the left and right alike for its defense of
freedom and the spirit of critical inquiry.


  

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Review: The Open Society and Its Enemies, Volume 1 : The Spell of Plato (Відкрите суспільство #1)

User Review  - Nosemonkey - Goodreads

Thought-provoking and surprisingly readable, whether you agree with everything he says or not. Read full review

Review: The Open Society and Its Enemies, Volume 1 : The Spell of Plato (Відкрите суспільство #1)

User Review  - thinkingape - Goodreads

I remember him going through length criticizing Plato. Love him for Soro's foundation. What mighty impact it has on post Communist countries. Read full review

Contents

Introduct1on i
7
Platos Descr1pt1ve Soc1olooy
35
Platos Pol1t1cal Programme
86
The Background of Platos Attack
169
Notes
302
Addenda 1957 1961 1965
319
Index of Platon1c Passages
345
Index of Subjects
353
Copyright

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About the author (1971)

Popper is deceased. He is widely acclaimed as one of the greatest philosophers and most influential thinkers of our time.

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