Roman Manliness: "Virtus" and the Roman Republic
This book examines the public and the most important aspect of Roman masculinity: Manliness as represented by the concept of virtus. Using traditional historical, philological, and archaeological analyses, together with the methods of socio-linguistics and gender studies, it presents a comprehensive picture of how Roman manliness developed from the middle to the late Republic. Arguing that virtus was not, in essence, a moral concept, Myles McDonnell shows how the semantic range of the word, together with the manly ideal that it embodied, were altered by Greek cultural ideas; and how Roman manliness was contested in the religion, culture, and politics of the late Republic.
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Amph Amphitruo ancient Ancient Rome aristocratic army associated Astin B. G. Teubner battle Bellum Berlin Caesar Cambridge Cato Cato’s Catulus cavalry century Cicero CIL I2 Claudius coins Comedy context contrast courage cult culture dedication deities denarius denote difﬁcult displayed divine Virtus Earl earlier Chapter Eisenhut elite enemy Ennius ethical Fabius ﬁghting ﬁgure ﬁrst Fortuna frag fragment glory Greek Hellenic Historia honor Honos and Virtus ILLRP inﬂuence inscription Jugurtha late Republic Latin Leipzig Livy Lucilius manliness Marcellus Marius martial virtus meaning of virtus Metellus Miles gloriosus military mounted warrior ofﬁce Oxford University Press Plautine Plautus Plin Plut Plutarch political Polyb Polybius Pompey Pompey’s prologues quae R¨omische r¨omischen reference reﬂects republican Roman Republic Rome Rome’s Sallust Scipio Aemilianus senate senatorial signiﬁcant slaves soldiers speciﬁc speech spolia opima tÅch temple to Honos traditional usage Verr victory word