Making Mondragon: The Growth and Dynamics of the Worker Cooperative Complex

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Cornell University Press, 1991 - Business & Economics - 333 pages
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Since its founding in 1956 in Spain's Basque region, the Mondragon Corporation has been a touchstone for the international cooperative movement. Its nearly three hundred companies and organizations span areas from finance to education. In its industrial sector Mondragon has had a rich experience over many years in manufacturing products as varied as furniture, kitchen equipment, machine tools, and electronic components and in printing, shipbuilding, and metal smelting.

Making Mondragon is a groundbreaking look at the history of worker ownership in the Spanish cooperative. First published in 1988, it remains the best source for those looking to glean a rich body of ideas for potential adaptation and implementation elsewhere from Mondragon's long and varied experience. This second edition, published in 1991, takes into account the major structural and strategic changes that were being implemented in 1990 to allow the enterprise to compete successfully in the European common market.

Mondragon has created social inventions and developed social structures and social processes that have enabled it to overcome some of the major obstacles faced by other worker cooperatives in the past. William Foote Whyte and Kathleen King Whyte describe the creation and evolution of the Mondragon cooperatives, how they have changed through decades of experience, and how they have struggled to maintain a balance between their social commitments and economic realities. The lessons of Mondragon apply most clearly to worker cooperatives and other employee-owned firms, but also extend to regional development and stimulating and supporting entrepreneurship, whatever the form of ownership."

  

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Contents

The Basques
9
The Foundation
25
The First Worker Cooperatives
32
Cooperative Groups 5 8
58
The Central Role of the Cooperative Bank
68
Coping with Internal Conflict
91
Rethinking the Systems of Participation
103
Changing the Organization of Work
113
The Changing Role of the Caja Laboral Popular
177
Strategic Organizational Restructuring
195
Facing the Social Challenges of Intensified
212
Understanding Mondragons Founder
241
Ethnic and Organizational Cultures
270
Implications of the Mondragon Experience
282
EVOLUTION OF OUR RESEARCH
301
BIBLIOGRAPHY
308

Sacrificing for Collective Survival
131
Providing for Unemployment Compensation
150
From ULARCO to FAGOR
157
Expanding Service and Agribusiness
169
INDEX
325
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
335
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About the author (1991)

Whyte is an artist, calligrapher, and book jacket designer.

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