Carving Devotion in the Jain Caves at Ellora
Drawing on art historical, epigraphical, and textual evidence, this book is the first full-scale reconstruction of medieval Jain artistic and devotional practices at the rock-cut site of Ellora in Maharashtra, India. Created during the ninth and tenth centuries, Ellora's Jain caves are among the best-preserved examples of medieval Jain art in India. While this book briefly addresses traditional art historical issues of date and iconography, it primarily considers the articulation of sacred space within the caves and the role of imagery in shaping devotional practices. Building upon scholarship that examines Jainism within its larger South Asian context, this book also explores connections between the Jain monuments and their Hindu and Buddhist counterparts to reveal a lived religious world at Ellora.
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CARVING THE SAMAVASARAṆA
CARVING THE LIBERATED
CARVING THE DIVINE
CARVING ELLORAS JAIN PATRONS
CARVING SACRED SPACE
CARVING A LARGER JAIN WORLD
abhiṣeka Ādipurāṇa Aihole Ajanta architectural artistic āryikās aśoka attendants attributes Aurangabad Avalokiteśvara Badami bodhisattvas brahmacārin brahmin Buddha Buddha images Buddhist caves cakra Cakreśvarī cāmara carved celestial assembly hall chattra Choṭā Kailāsa complex Dantidurga depicted Digambara divine elements Ellora’s Buddhist Ellora’s Jain caves epigraphical example female figures flanking fly-whisk garland goddess Gommaṭeśvara halo Hārītī Hindu caves iconographical identified imagery India Indra Sabhā inscription Jain deities Jain yakṣa Jainism Jambhala Jina images Jina’s Kailāsanātha temple Karnataka king Kubera lay devotees located lotus Mahāvīra main hall main shrine makara-toraṇa makaras male maṇḍala medieval monastic monks monuments motif mudrā munis nāga ninth ornamented Padmāvatī painted pair Pārśvanātha presented proper left proper right hand pūjā relief ritual rock-cut role Ṛṣabhanātha samavasaraṇa śāsanadevatās sculptures Shah shrine door shrine doorway shrine image shrine Jinas sidewalls similar site’s Śiva Śvetāmbara tenth century texts textual throne base tion Tīrthaṅkara tree vāhana veranda pillars visual worship yakṣī