The Struggle for the Files: The Western Allies and the Return of German Archives After the Second World War
When American and British troops swept through the German Reich in the spring of 1945, they confiscated a broad range of government papers and archives. These records were subsequently used in war crimes trials and published under Allied auspices to document the German road to war. In 1949, the West Germans asked for their return, considering the request one of the benchmarks of their new state sovereignty. This book traces the tangled history of the captured German records and the extended negotiations for their return into German custody. Based on meticulous research in British, American, and German archives, The Struggle for the Files highlights an overlooked aspect of early West German diplomacy and international relations. All participants were aware that the files constituted historical material essential to write German history and at stake was nothing less than the power to interpret the recent German past.
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Acheson Adenauer Akten Allied archivists Auswärtiges Amt Auswärtiges Amt files BArch Berlin Bonn British and American Bundesarchiv Bundestag captured documents captured records Committee confiscation denazification Department Dept diplomatic records director Document Center Documents on German embassy entry f¨ur Federal Republic Foreign Office French Gerhard Ritter German archival German archivists German diplomatic German documents German Foreign Policy German historians Germany’s Große Politik HICOG Historical Office Hitler ibid intelligence issue John Wheeler-Bennett July June Klassen Kluke London Lot File material Memorandum microfilms military records Murphy NA RG 59 National Archives Nazi negotiations Noble ofthe PA/AA Passant personnel POLAD Political Archives Posner PRO FO publication Reich restitution Rheindorf Ritter Rohr scholars SecState Sept SHAEF Soviet U.S. Army Ullrich Washington Wehrmacht West German Whaddon Whaddon Hall Wheeler-Bennett Windsor File Zala