Using CAE to Improve Construction Planning, Operations and Quality
Computer-aided engineering (CAE), computer-aided design/drafting (CAD), and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) are rapidly changing the design and production of industrial and consumer products. During the engineering phase of construction projects, CAD is already increasing productivity and quality. There are still great opportunities to improve project performance by realizing the potential benefits of CAE for construction. This paper describes the practical benefits of CAE for planning construction activities, managing construction operations, and construction quality improvement. The planning benefits include: selecting major construction methods, constructibility analysis, installation sequence planning, and pre-installation checking. Benefits for management of construction operations are increased availability of design information, assistance with construction coordination, and construction feedback and review. The quality benefits are support of QA and QC tasks and problem avoidance. The paper also identifies research and continued development of CAE systems that are required to realize these benefits, describes an example research project to build a data model and provides guidelines to integrate CAE applications across all phases of a power plant project.
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3D database activities Adapted from Thomas ASCE automation availability of design benefits of CAE CAE applications CAE database CIFE Civil Engineering computer tools computer-aided engineering constraints constructibility analysis Construction Engineering Construction Industry Institute construction planners construction planning construction projects database management systems described design and construction design criteria design information DF n DF Electric Power Research Engineering and Management EPRI feedback and review functional areas guidelines hierarchy HVAC identified implementation Improve Construction improve project performance integrated database interfaces Journal of Construction large projects managing construction operations marked drawings modularization monitoring needed to realize nonconforming phases pipe plant data model plant features Plant Information Network plant life cycle potential benefits Power Research Institute pre-installation checking preassemblies productivity Project Management Project Management Institute QA and QC quality requirements realize the potential realize these benefits research project special construction methods Stanford University structure tasks Tatum