Japan in the 21st Century: Environment, Economy, and Society

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University Press of Kentucky, 2005 - History - 401 pages
3 Reviews

The ancient civilization of Japan, with its Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples, is also closely associated with all that is new and modern. Looking outward, Japan sees what it has become since Hiroshima: the world's second-largest economy, a source of fury and wonder, a power without arms. Looking inward, Japan sees old ways shaken and new ones developing at a hectic pace. Japan in the Twenty-first Century offers compelling insights into the current realities of the country and investigates the crucial political, economic, demographic, and environmental challenges that face the nation. A combination of text, maps, and photographs provides an essential understanding of Japan's geography, cultural heritage, demography, economic and political development, and of many other important issues. Pradyumna P. Karan explores the obstacles and opportunities that will shape Japan and affect the world community in the coming years. He highlights strategies and policies that will facilitate economic and political change and stimulate the development of effective institutions for long-term, sustainable prosperity and economic vitality. Unique field reports drawn from direct observations of events and places in Japan illuminate Japanese traditions and sensibilities. The first full-length English-language textbook on Japan's geography, culture, politics, and economy to appear in nearly four decades, Japan in the Twenty-first Century will be a vital resource for researchers, academics, general readers, and students of Japan. Pradyumna P. Karan, professor of geography and Japan studies at the University of Kentucky, is the author or editor of numerous books on Asian geography and culture, including The Japanese City and Japan in the Bluegrass.

  

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has the author even been to japan? This was mostly ridiculously off target. Talking about pylons and telegraph poles as being so chaotic because of the Japanese "inside" and "outside" philosophy.... I can tell you having lived here for a decade it's nothing to do with that, the majority of people just don't notice/care, they can't be bothered to spend the time and money doing it properly and the companies laying the cables know that no one will complain about them....
As for the "most new buildings today resemble that of most developed western countries..." absolute load of .....
Most new buildings are flung up over night, no effort AT ALL with design and quite frankly they're hideous.
Honestly the author has a very skewed idealogical view of Japan!
 

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

this book is bad

Contents

JAPAN AT THE CROSSROADS Grappling with Changes
1
ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES AND CONSTRAINTS
9
GEOLOGIC STRUCTURE
10
LANDFORMS
12
DRAINAGE PATTERNS
18
VEGETATION COVER
22
NATURAL RESOURCES
26
NATURAL HAZARDS
33
MAINTAINING THE VITALITY OF RURAL COMMUNITIES
234
URBAN SETTLEMENTS
236
NARA HEIANKYO KYOTO AND KAMAKURA
237
ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF CITIES IN FEUDAL JAPAN
239
CITY GROWTH IN THE MODERN PERIOD 18682000
243
THE JAPANESE MEGALOPOLIS
248
URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND HISTORICAL PRESERVATION IN THE MEGALOPOLIS
261
THE STRUCTURE OF THE TOKYO METROPOLITAN REGION
262

ALTERATION OF LANDFORMS BY HUMAN ACTIVITIES
46
THE CULTURAL HERITAGE
50
YAYOI CULTURE
52
THE NARA AND HEIAN PERIODS
53
THE SHOGUN DAIMYO AND SAMURAI CULTURES 11851868
54
JAPANS EMERGENCE AS A GREAT POWER 18681914
61
THE TRIUMPH OF FASCISM AND WORLD WAR II
63
POSTWAR REFORM RECONSTRUCTION AND EMERGENCE AS AN ECONOMIC SUPERPOWER
69
RELIGION
70
JAPANESE LANDSCAPES
77
PRIMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE JAPANESE LANDSCAPE
84
SECONDARY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LANDSCAPE
95
REGIONAL REALITY
109
HOKKAIDO
111
TOHOKU
116
KANTO
121
CHUBU
126
KlNKI
137
CHUGOKU
148
SHIKOKU
151
KYUSHU
154
OKINAWA AND THE NANSEI RYUKYU ISLANDS
159
DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL CHALLENGES
164
FALLING BIRTHRATES
167
AGING SOCIETY
169
CARE OF THE ELDERLY
174
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION AND MIGRATION PATTERNS
177
LITERACY EDUCATION AND CIVILITY
181
MINORITY GROUPS IN JAPAN
184
OVERSEAS MIGRATION OF JAPANESE
187
FOREIGN WORKERS IN JAPAN
190
THE STATUS OF WOMEN
194
SOCIAL WELFARE AND THE HOMELESS
198
THE GAP BETWEEN RICH AND POOR
202
RURAL LANDSCAPE SETTLEMENTS AND AGRICULTURE
204
RURAL SETTLEMENTS
206
LAND USE AND RECENT CHANGES IN AGRICULTURE
208
DECLINING RICE FARMING AND INCREASING DIVERSITY OF THE RURAL ECONOMY
220
SUBSIDIES AND THE FUTURE OF JAPANESE AGRICULTURE
226
URBAN AGRICULTURE IN JAPAN
227
LAND RECLAMATION FOR AGRICULTURE
232
THE URBAN DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGE
276
MOVING JAPANS CAPITAL
281
THE POLITICAL CHALLENGE
284
THE CURRENT POLITICAL SYSTEM
286
CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES
292
SYMBOLS TO UNITE THAT DIVIDE
298
JAPANS DEFENSE POLICY
299
GEOPOLITICAL ASPECTS
304
AMERICAN MILITARY BASES IN JAPAN
305
JAPAN AND RUSSIA
310
JAPAN AND LATIN AMERICA
311
THE ECONOMIC CHALLENGE
312
JAPANS FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
313
JAPANS ECONOMY 19902004
315
JAPANS BANK CRISIS
317
ESSENTIALS FOR FUTURE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
318
THE CHALLENGE OF STRUCTURAL REFORM
321
DEVELOPMENT AND RESTRUCTURING OF INDUSTRY
323
FROM ZAIBATSU TO KEIRETSU
325
JAPANESE MANUFACTURING STRATEGY
326
INDUSTRIAL RESTRUCTURING IN JAPAN
335
POSTINDUSTRIAL JAPAN
342
THE GROWTH OF THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY
344
THE LOCATION OF HIGHTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIES
345
BIOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIES
348
THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IT INDUSTRY
350
THE INTERNET ECONOMY
352
SCIENCE CITIES AND THE TECHNOPOLIS
355
FUTURE PROSPECTS
357
THE CHALLENGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PRESERVATION
359
Toxic WASTES
362
GRASSROOTS ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTS IN JAPAN
364
FACING THE CHALLENGES
376
SOCIAL REFORMS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
377
THE AGING SOCIETY AND THE FALLING BIRTHRATE
379
THE FUTURE OF THE COUNTRYSIDE
382
THE CHANGING LIFESTYLES OF THE YOUNG
383
FURTHER READINGS
387
INDEX
393
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About the author (2005)

Karan is a professor of geography and director of the Japan Studies Program at the University of Kentucky.

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