Western Sahara: Anatomy of a Stalemate

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Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005 - Political Science - 180 pages
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The long-running conflict over the sovereignty of Western Sahara has involved all the states of northwest Africa and many beyond since Spain ceded the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1976. Erik Jensen traces the evolution of the conflict - from its colonial roots to its present manifestation as a political stalemate. Jensen reviews the history of the dispute, describes the quest by the UN and interested states to facilitate a process of self-determination through a referendum on independence vs. integration with Morocco, and explores the impasse over how to determine who should be allowed to vote in such a referendum. He then turns to the more recent efforts of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's personal envoy for Western Sahara, James Baker, to resolve the conflict. Despite Baker's 2003 peace plan, the government of Moroco and the Polisario Front remain at odds, and the stalemate continues.
  

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Contents

Western Sahara Independence or Integration with Morocco?
13
People Place and the Role of Spain
21
Conflict the OAU and the UN
31
Toward Settling the Conflict
39
Identification Who Has the Right to Vote?
59
The Process Stalls
73
UN Settlement Efforts Renewed
87
Searching for Alternatives
103
Identification and Registration of Voters Excerpt from Report of the Secretary General S22464 of 19 April 1991
147
Instructions Relating to the Tasks of the Indentification Commission Annex to Report of the SecretaryGeneral S23299 of 19 December 1991
151
Peace Plan for SelfDetermination of the People of Western Sahara Annex II to Report of the SecretaryGeneral S2003565 of 23 May 2003
159
List of Acronyms
165
Selected Bibliography
167
Index
171
About This Publication
177
The International Peace Academy
178

Stalemate Who Decides the Future of Western Sahara?
115
The Situation Concerning Western Sahara Report of the SecretaryGeneral S21360 of 18 June 1990
123
Security Council Resolution 658 1990
145
International Peace Academy Publications
179
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About the author (2005)

Jessica Blank is an actor and writer whose television credits include "Law & Order: Criminal Intent, Rescue Me, " and "One Life to Live;" film credits include "The Namesake" (directed by Mira Nair) and "The Exonerated" (for Court TV). Her first novel, "Home, " is forthcoming in 2007. Erik Jensen has costarred in more than a dozen feature films, including "The Love Letter" and "Black Knight, " and such television shows as "Love Monkey, Alias, CSI, " and "Law & Order;" recent stage credits include "Y2K" and "Corpus Christi." They live in Brooklyn.

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