Philosophy and Logic in Central Europe from Bolzano to Tarski: Selected Essays
This book with an introduction by Witold Marciszewski, views the history of philosophy and logic from 1837 to 1939 from the perspective of the cradle of modern exact philosophy - Central Europe. In a series of case studies, it illuminates the developments in this region, most notably in Austria and Poland, examining thinkers such as Bolzano, Brentano, Meinong, Husserl, Twardowski, Lesniewski, and Tarski, as well as the logicians like Frege and Russell with whom they bore a close resemblance. The book challenges established views about the history of philosophy and logic in Europe, and shows the vitality of the Central European tradition.
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Central Europe in the history of philosophy
Bolzano Tarski and the limits of logic
Brentanos reform of logic
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abstract analytic Aristotle atomic complexes Austrian axiom Bolzano Brentanian Brentano coextensionality common nouns concepts conjunction consider corresponding define definition denoting dependence distinction domain of magnitudes entities equivalence example exist existential expressions extension extensional fact factual false formal foundation free logic Frege functor functor categories given Graz Husserl idea identity impossible objects incomplete objects independent individual Ingarden interpretation ISBN judgements kind Leibniz Lejewski Lesniewski logical constants logical objects logical system logicians Lukasiewicz many-valued logic mathematical meaning Meinong mereological modal modal logic names natural language natural numbers negation nominal notion Ontology philosophy plural possible predicate logic principle problem properties propositions Protothetic quantifiers real numbers relation Russell Russell's Sachverhalt Schlick semantics sense sentence set theory Simons simple singular terms species suggested symbols syntactic category Tarski theorems things Tractatus true truth truth-functions truth-values Twardowski unfactual variables Vienna Circle whole Wittgenstein