Ideas and Economic Policy in Latin America: Regional, National, and Organizational Case Studies
How are the economic policies which developing countries adopt selected and how do they change? Who are the key players in economic development policies? Professor Anil Hira answers these questions head on by suggesting new ways of looking at how ideas affect economic policy. He first traces the way that ideas become wedded to interest groups over time, and he interprets the debate over economic development policy as a series of changes in idea-interest networks, often marked by crises. He then looks closely at economic "idea entrepreneurs." Through concrete case studies of networks in Latin America, with a focus on Chilean economic policy, Hira explains not only how ideas are introduced, but which ones "win out" in the economic policy process and why. He introduces the concept of "economic knowledge networks" to understand groups of economists wedded to certain sets of ideas, such as neoliberalism or structuralism. Economic knowledge networks extend beyond Latin America and can be found in such diverse places as Indonesia and Egypt. Hira identifies the characteristics of these groups and shows how they create political action through their organizational activities and ideas. Hira not only sheds light on how ideas affect economic policy, but also provides an "inside story" on the groups responsible for the new economic revolution that is sweeping Latin America and transforming the regional economy. An important resource for scholars, students, and policy makers involved with international political economy, emerging economies, and Latin American studies.
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ECLA and the Structuralist Ideology of Development in Chile
The Ascension of the Chicago Boys under Pinochet
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actions agricultural Alejandro Foxley Allende Allende's analysis Authoritarianism Bank became Berkeley Berkeley Mafia capital Castro Celso Furtado CEPAL CEPAL Review Chapter Chicago Boys Chile Chilean political CIEPLAN Constable and Valenzuela CORFO corporatist countries coup crisis Democracy discourse doctrine domestic coalitions dominant ECLA ECLA's Economic Ideas economic ideology economic knowledge networks economic policy economists elite example experts explain factors foreign framework Frei gremialistas Ibid ideological periods important Indonesian industrialization infitah inflation intellectual interest groups Latin American leaders Left leftist liberalization Marxist ment military minister Nasser Nation of Enemies neoliberal neostructuralism nomic Oppenheim opposition paradigms percent Pinochet planning political economy political parties politicians Politics in Chile Prebisch president Princeton problems promoting radical Raul Prebisch redistribution reform regime region Roberto Kelly role Santiago sector Sergio Sergio Bitar Sidqi social Socialist structuralism structuralist technocratic theories Third World tion U.S. government University Press