Union Monitor 1861-65
The first seagoing ironclad was the USS Monitor, and its profile has made it one of the most easily recognised warships of all time. Following her inconclusive battle with the Confederate ironclad Virginia on March 9, 1862, the production of Union monitors was accelerated. By the end of the year a powerful squadron of monitor vessels protected the blockading squadrons off the Southern coastline, and were able to challenge Confederate control of her ports and estuaries. Further technological advancements were included in subsequent monitor designs, and by the end of the war the US Navy possessed a modern coastal fleet carrying the most powerful artillery afloat. This book covers the design, development and operational history of the Unionís Monitor fleet.
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15 inch Dahlgren 150 pdr rifle 9 knots Agamenticus AMERICAN CIVIL AMERICAN CIVIL WAR attack Battle of Hampton Battle of Mobile Battle of Trent's beams bombardment built Canonicus class monitors capable of firing Casco class casemate ironclad Charleston class monitor USS Commissioned April 1864 Confederate ironclads construction CSS Tennessee CSS Virginia damage deck Crew Displacement engagement engines entered service Fisher Fort Fisher Fort Sumter fortifications gun turret gunports Hampton Roads inch Dahlgren smoothbores inch smoothbore ironclad warships James River John Ericsson John Lenthall knots Armament launched Milwaukee class Mobile Bay monitor design monitor fever mounted Navy Department officers ordnance original Monitor Passaic class monitor pilothouse pounder protected rifled guns ship shot Simers single turret Speed Sumter in April tons Dimensions Trent's Reach twin-turreted monitor Union monitors USS Canonicus USS Chickasaw USS Galena USS Monitor USS New Ironsides USS Onondaga USS Weehawken wooden yards York