The Evolution of Air Breathing in Vertebrates
Cambridge University Press, 1981 - Science - 133 pages
First published in 1981, this book presents an original approach to an area of great importance in comparative zoology and physiology and evolutionary biology: the evolution of air breathing in vertebrates from aquatic ancestors. The subject is approached from a functional as well as an anatomical viewpoint, utilising knowledge of the physiology of extant animals to trace probable evolutionary steps. Opening with a brief summary of current views of vertebrate evolution, the authors then go on to deal with problems of oxygen transfer in water and air and the structure and function of gills and lungs. Carbon dioxide transfer in water-breathing forms is seen as being tightly coupled to an ion and acid-base regulation. The evolution of air breathing is seen as a several-stage process, beginning with the evolution of accessory air-breathing structures for oxygen uptake.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
air breathing in vertebrates
the transition from water to air breathing
Ventilation and perfusion relationships
Mechanisms of ventilation
Regulation and control of gas transfer
a synthesis and summary
acid-base regulation aerial exchange organ aestivation air bladder air flow air-breathing fish air-breathing organ air-breathing vertebrates amphibians animals anuran apnea Arapaima arterial blood aspiration bicarbonate bimodally breathing blood flow branchial breathing fish buccal cavity buccal pressure buccal pump Burggren C02 excretion C02 levels carbon dioxide carbonic anhydrase cardiac output cardiovascular cells changes Chrysemys circulation dehydration Dipnoi dorsal aorta Electrophorus erythrocytes evolution of air evolved exhalation Figure function Gans gas bladder gas exchange gas transfer gill arches gill epithelium gill ventilation heart rate hemoglobin Hoplerythrinus hydrogen ion hypoxia hypoxic increase interbreath interval intermittent breathing Johansen kidney lamellae lung ventilation lungfish mammals mechanisms metabolic mmHg movements muscles occurs opercular opercular cavities oxygen oxygen stores oxygen uptake partial pressures pattern of C02 PCOl perfusion Physiol plasma bicarbonate probably Protopterus pulmonary Randall reduced reptiles respiration Shelton skin species systemic teleosts terrestrial tidal volume tion tissues trout turtle ventilatory vertebrates water breathers water-breathing
Page 121 - Cameron, JN (1976). Branchial ion uptake in Arctic grayling: resting values and effects of acid-base disturbance.
Page 121 - The effects of enforced activity on ventilation, circulation and blood acid-base balance in the aquatic gillless urodele, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis: a comparison with the semiterrestrial anuran, Bufo marinus.