Crop Responses to Environment (Google eBook)
Crop Responses to Environment discusses the principles, theories, and experimental observations concerning plant responses to environment that are particularly relevant to developing improved crop cultivars and management methods. The book illustrates the importance of considering emergent plant properties as well as reductionist approaches to understanding plant function and adaptation.
Dr. Hall explains many practical applications to plant breeding, agronomy, and horticulture. He examines plant physiological and developmental responses to light and temperature as well as plant water-relations. He also describes climatic zone definitions based on temperature, rainfall, and evaporative demand in relation to plant adaptation and the prediction of crop water use. Irrigation management and crop responses to salinity and toxic levels of boron and aluminum are considered.
Numerous figures and tables illustrate the climates of major agricultural zones, giving a thorough knowledge of which crop species and production systems are effective in different climates. The book concludes with an analysis illustrating the relevance of crop responses to environment to plant breeding. The practical examples in this book, some of them pulled from Dr. Hall's research, show your students the principles provided by Crop Response to Environment can be used in developing improved crop production systems.
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A. E. Hall adaptation air temperatures annual crops atmospheric average biomass California canopy carbohydrate cause cells cereals Chapter chilling common bean cool-season cowpea crop plants crop production crop species cultivars damage decreases drought drought resistance effects efficiency enhance example exhibit factors field conditions Figure flowering genes genetic genotypes germination grain yield greater grown growth heat heat-tolerant high night temperatures humidity ideotype increases influence irrigation Ismail Kcmp leaf leaf water potential leaves legumes levels maize nitrogen occur optimal osmotic adjustment pearl millet photon photoperiod photorespiration photosynthetic photosynthetic capacity plant breeding plant responses plastic mulch predicting proteins R/FR rainfall reduce reproductive responses to environment rice root systems root zone rubisco salinity salt tolerance seed shoot soil solar radiation solution sorghum sowing stomatal stomatal conductance stress surface tissue traits tropical types unit leaf area values vegetative water potential water vapor wheat xylem
Page 212 - Fischer. RA ( 1985). Number of kernels in wheat crops and the influence of solar radiation and temperature. Journal of Agricultural Science 105: 447-461.
Page 216 - Lee GJ, Vierling E (2000) A small heat shock protein cooperates with heat shock protein 70 systems to reactivate a heat-denatured protein. Plant Physiol...
Page 211 - Cassman KG. 2000. Reversal of rice yield decline in a long-term continuous cropping experiment. Agron. J.
Page 215 - The role of physiological understanding in plant breeding; from a breeding perspective. Field Crops Res.