Learning from SARS:: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak -- Workshop Summary

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National Academies Press, Apr 26, 2004 - Medical - 360 pages
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The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in late 2002 and 2003 challenged the global public health community to confront a novel epidemic that spread rapidly from its origins in southern China until it had reached more than 25 other countries within a matter of months. In addition to the number of patients infected with the SARS virus, the disease had profound economic and political repercussions in many of the affected regions. Recent reports of isolated new SARS cases and a fear that the disease could reemerge and spread have put public health officials on high alert for any indications of possible new outbreaks. This report examines the response to SARS by public health systems in individual countries, the biology of the SARS coronavirus and related coronaviruses in animals, the economic and political fallout of the SARS epidemic, quarantine law and other public health measures that apply to combating infectious diseases, and the role of international organizations and scientific cooperation in halting the spread of SARS. The report provides an illuminating survey of findings from the epidemic, along with an assessment of what might be needed in order to contain any future outbreaks of SARS or other emerging infections.

  

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Contents

SARS Emergence Detection and Response
41
THE WHO RESPONSE TO SARS AND PREPARATIONS FOR THE FUTURE
42
THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTIONS ROLE IN INTERNATIONAL COORDINATION AND COLLABORATION IN R...
50
ROLE OF CHINA IN THE QUEST TO DEFINE AND CONTROL SARS
56
LESSONS FROM TORONTO
63
CONTAINMENT STRATEGIES FOR SARS 2003
71
IMPACTS OF SARS ON HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS AND STRATEGIES FOR COMBATING FUTURE OUTBREAKS OF EMERGING INFECTIO...
83
Political Influences on the Response to SARS and Economic Impacts of the Disease
91
NOVEL BIOSENSOR FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASE DIAGNOSTICS
181
IN VITRO ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF HUMAN RHINOVIRUS 3C PROTEASE INHIBITORS AGAINST THE SARS CORONA VIRUS
186
CLEARING THE AIR
193
Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak
206
ARE WE READY FOR PANDEMIC INFLUENZA?
208
MODELING A RESPONSE STRATEGY
218
THE SARS IMPERATIVE FOR INNOVATION
222
PUBLIC HEALTH LAW PREPAREDNESS
230

ESTIMATING THE GLOBAL ECONOMIC COSTS OF SARS
92
POLITICAL PATHOLOGY OF THE FIRST POST WESTPHALIAN PATHOGEN
110
A POLITICAL PERSPECTIVE
116
Microbiology Ecology and Natural History of Coronaviruses
137
LESSONS FOR SARS
138
KEYS TO DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF SARS
149
ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF VIRUSES RELATED TO THE SARS CORONAVIRUS FROM ANIMALS IN SOUTHERN CHINA
157
Diagnostics Therapeutics and Other Technologies to Control SARS
173
EVALUATION OF REVERSE TRANSCRIPTIONPCR ASSAYS FOR RAPID DIAGNOSIS OF SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME ASS...
175
LESSONS FROM A NEW DISEASE
234
DOWN BUT STILL A THREAT
246
Learning from SARS Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak
277
Clinical Guidance on the Identification and Evaluation of Possible SARSCoV Disease Among Persons Presenting with CommunityAcquired Illness
281
In the Absence of SARSCoV Transmission Worldwide Guidance for Surveillance Clinical and Laboratory Evaluation and Reporting
292
Selected Bibliography
303
Glossary and Acronyms
324
Forum Member Speaker and Staff Biographies
339
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