Safety Net Programs and Poverty Reduction: Lessons from Cross-country Experience
World Bank, Jan 1, 1997 - Political Science - 187 pages
The need for social safety nets has become a key component of poverty reduction strategies. Over the past three decades several developing countries have launched a variety of programs, including cash transfers, subsidies in-kind, public works, and income-generation programs. However, there is little guidance on appropriate program design, and few studies have synthesized the lessons from widely differing country experiences. This report fills that gap. It reviews the conceptual issues in the choice of programs, synthesizes cross-country experience, and analyzes how country- and region-specific constraints can explain why different approaches are successful in different countries.
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Conceptual Issues in the Analysis of Social Assistance
CrossCountry Patterns of Cash Transfers
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Africa agencies assets Bangladesh beneficiaries benefits Bolivia budget cash transfers central cost-effective countries credit programs Development Eastern Europe economic effects employment example expenditures family assistance financing fiscal food stamps food subsidies former Soviet Union Grameen Bank grams Grosh groups Honduras households housing subsidies implemented in-kind transfers incentive income increased India infrastructure institutional International Development Association Janvry Kyrgyz Republic labor Latin America leakage market wage means testing MEGS NGOs nonpoor participation pensions percent Poland political poorest poverty line poverty reduction poverty-targeted programs private contractors private delivery model program wage projects PRONASOL public delivery public works programs reaching the poor reduce reform regions revenue rural safety nets sector self-targeting Senegal social assistance programs social fund social insurance South Asia Soviet Union spending Subbarao sustainability tion transaction costs transfer programs transition Ukraine urban wage rate Washington workers World Bank Zambia