Holocaust Monuments and National Memory Cultures in France and Germany Since 1989: The Origins and Political Function of the Vél' D'Hiv' in Paris and the Holocaust Monument in Berlin

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Berghahn Books, 2005 - History - 267 pages
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Since 1989, two sites of memory with respect to the deportation and persecution of Jews in France and Germany during the Second World War have received intense public attention: the Vélo d'Hiver (Winter Velodrome) in Paris and the Monument for the Murdered Jews of Europe or Holocaust Monument in Berlin. Why is this so? Both monuments, the author argues, are unique in the history of memorial projects. Although they are genuine "sites of memory", neither monument celebrates history, but rather serve as platforms for the deliberation, negotiation and promotion of social consensus over the memorial status of war crimes in France and Germany. The debates over these monuments indicate that it is the communication among members of the public via the mass media, rather than qualities inherent in the sites themselves, which transformed these sites into symbols beyond traditional conceptions of heritage and patriotism.

  

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Contents

Monuments in History
15
History in Monuments
32
Paris and Berlin as Sites of Memory of the 1990s
45
the Monument for the Murdered Jews of Europe
99
The Institutionalisation of Memory in Public Art and Rhetoric
154
Dialogic Monuments between Negotiation and State
171
The Postnational Memorial Paradigm
194
Dialogic Monuments
212
Appendix
233
Index
253
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Peter Carrier is Visiting Fellow at the International Study Centre of Queens University at Herstmonceux, UK. He has taught at the universities of TÃ1⁄4bingen, Paris VII, Berlin, and at the Central European University in Budapest, and was DAAD Research Fellow at the Maison des Sciences de lÂ1Homme in Paris. He has published widely on the impact of contemporary arts on collective memory and historical identities.

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