Guide to Biometrics

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Springer New York, Dec 3, 2010 - Computers - 364 pages
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Starting with fingerprints more than a hundred years ago, there has been ongoing research in biometrics. Within the last forty years face and speaker recognition have emerged as research topics. However, as recently as a decade ago, biometrics itself did not exist as an independent field. Each of the biometric-related topics grew out of different disciplines. For example, the study of fingerprints came from forensics and pattern recognition, speaker recognition evolved from signal processing, the beginnings of face recognition were in computer vision, and privacy concerns arose from the public policy arena. One of the challenges of any new field is to state what the core ideas are that define the field in order to provide a research agenda for the field and identify key research problems. Biometrics has been grappling with this challenge since the late 1990s. With the matu ration of biometrics, the separate biometrics areas are coalescing into the new discipline of biometrics. The establishment of biometrics as a recognized field of inquiry allows the research community to identify problems that are common to biometrics in general. It is this identification of common problems that will define biometrics as a field and allow for broad advancement.

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About the author (2010)

Dr Nalini K. Ratha is a Research Staff Member at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York. His current research interests include biometrics, computer vision, pattern recognition and special purpose architecture for computer vision systems. He leads the biometrics research effort in the area of enhancing security of biometrics systems and performance evaluation of biometrics systems. He has co-edited a book entitled "Automatic Fingerprint Recognition Systems" published by Springer and co-authored a book entitled "A guide to Biometrics Selection and System design" published by Springer in 2003. He was also general co-chair of IEEE AutoID 02 and SPIE Conf. on Biometrics in Human Identification 2004. He has received several patent awards and a "Research Division" award at IBM.

He received his Ph. D. from the Department of Computer Science at Michigan State University and B.Tech in Electrical Engineering and M. Tech in Computer science and Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He is a senior member of IEEE and co-chair of AutoID TC, IEEE Robotics and Automation Society.

Dr. Venu Govindaraju is a Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at the University at Buffalo (UB), State University of New York. He received his B-Tech (Honors) from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, India in 1986, and his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from UB in 1992.

Govindaraju has co-authored more than 200 scientific papers. He is the PI on current NSF sponsored projects on International Digital Libraries and Digital Government. He is the founding director of the Center for Unified Biometrics and Sensors (CUBS).

Heserves on the editorial boards of the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (B), the International Journal for Document Analysis and Recognition, The Journal of Pattern Analysis and Applications and The Journal of Pattern Recognition.