Mandan Social and Ceremonial Organization

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U of Nebraska Press, 2004 - Social Science - 407 pages
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Generations before the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery wintered in the northern Plains, the Mandan Indians farmed along the banks of rivers. The traditional world of the Mandans comes vividly to life in this classic account by anthropologist Alfred W. Bowers. Based on years of research and conversations with Crows Heart and ten other Mandan men and women, Bowers offers an engaging and detailed reconstruction of their way of life in earlier times. Featured here are overviews of how their households function, the makeup of their clan and moiety systems and kinship network, and a valuable look at the entire Mandan life cycle, from birth and naming through adulthood, marriage, and death.

Mandan Social and Ceremonial Organization also includes descriptions and analyses of Mandan ceremonies, legends, and religious beliefs, including origin myths, the Okipa Ceremony, sacred bundles, Corn ceremonies, the Eagle-Trapping Ceremony, Catfish-Trapping Ceremony, and the Adoption Pipe Ceremony. Many of these practices and beliefs remain vital and relevant for Mandans today. A comprehensive look at the legacy and traditional roots of present-day Mandan culture, Mandan Social and Ceremonial Organization is a classic ethnography of an enduring North American Native community.

  

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Contents

SITTING CROW AND CROWS HEART GOOSE SOCIETY SINGERS
2
SCATTERCORN AND MRS SITTING CROW
3
DANCE OF THE GOOSE SOCIETY
4
MRS GOOD BEAR
5
HISTORIC BACKGROUND
8
THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
23
THE KINSHIP SYSTEM
37
CHART OF THE MANDAN KINSHIP SYSTEM EGO MALE
38
BULL DANCER
141
NIGHT AND FIRST DAY OF CREATION
142
SNAKE AND BEAVER
143
PERSONAL BUNDLES AND VISION EXPERIENCES
164
SKULL BUNDLE OF THE CORN CEREMONIES
186
EAGLETRAPPING CEREMONY
206
PLAN OF EAGLETRAPPING LODGE
207
FLOOR PLAN OF EAGLETRAPPING LODGE
208

CHART OF MANDAN AFFINAL RELATIONS EGO MALE
39
MOTHERS LINEAGE EGO MALE
42
MOTHERS LINEAGE EGO FEMALE
43
THE MANDAN LIFECYCLE
58
INTRODUCTION TO MANDAN CEREMONIALISM
105
PLAN OF OKIPA CEREMONIAL LODGE
112
SEATING ARRANGEMENT FOR THE FIRST NIGHT OF OKIPA
127
DIRECTION SYMBOLISM FOR THE BULL DANCES
133
LODGE PLAN PRIOR TO TORTURE FEATURE
134
ALTAR ARRANGEMENT AND TORTURE FEATURE
136
BACK VIEW OF TURTLE DRUM WITH FEATHER COLLAR
137
PRESENT CONDITION OF THE SACRED CEDAR
138
Ox1NnEoE FOOLISH ONE
140
EAGLETRAPPING CAMP AND PITS
209
CATFISHTRAPPING CEREMONY
255
PEOPLE ABOVE CEREMONY
296
THE SHELL ROBE BUNDLE
308
RED STICK CEREMONY
315
THE WHITE BUFFALO Cow SOCIETY
324
SUMMARY
335
MYTHS OF THE OKIPA CEREMONY
347
AWATIXA SHELL ROBE BUNDLE MYTH RELATED BY BEARS ARM
370
BIBLIOGRAPHY
397
INDEX
403
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About the author (2004)

Alfred W. Bowers (1901?1990) was a professor of anthropology and is the author of Hidatsa Social and Ceremonial Organization (Nebraska 1992). Gerard Baker, a°Mandan-Hidatsa from the Fort Berthold Reservation, is the superintendent of the Lewis and Clark National Historical Trail and leader of the Corps of Discovery II, the Lewis and Clark bicentennial initiative sponsored by the National Park Service.

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