Plant breeding: Mendelian to molecular approaches
This book marks the centenary of the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of biological inheritance, which have had their greatest economic impact in the rapid development of the science of plant breeding.† It documents the development of methods of plant breeding over a hundred year period beginning with simple hybridization and selection techniques moving to more complex procedures following advances in quantitative and molecular genetics. The concepts and methodology of plant breeding with their underpinning of the advances in classical genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology have received special attention. Plant breeding in the 21st century will be marked with an increasing integration of the classical methods with the newer techniques of modern biotechnology. This book points to the kind of integration, which will be taking place, opening up altogether new possibilities for increasing economic yields through enhancement of harvest index, combined with greater resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. It starts with papers which revisit some of the landmark discoveries in genetics and plant breeding in the last hundred years and goes on to cover a wide range of topics which should be of interest to students, teachers and practitioners of plant breeding. Some of the topics covered include:¬∑ Hybrid breeding and molecular concepts of heterosis¬∑ Recurrent selection methods and population improvement strategies¬∑ Quantitative trait loci in crop improvement¬∑ Genotype environment interaction and mating designs¬∑ Host-pathogen interactions and durable resistance¬∑ Breeding for wider adaptability¬∑ Plant type concept and applications¬∑ Mutation breeding¬∑ Chromosome manipulations and molecular cytogenetics¬∑ Genomics, transgenics and molecular markers¬∑ Plant genetic resources and IPR
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A Century of Advances in Plant Breeding Methodologies
Chromosome Manipulations for Crop Improvement
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abiotic stresses Agricultural Agron alleles analysis apomixis Appl Arabidopsis barley Brassica Brassica juncea breeders cereals chromosome CIMMYT clones crop improvement Crop Sci crosses cultivars culture cytoplasm cytoplasmic male sterility Delhi disease diversity drought effects environment environmental epistasis evaluation expression flowering genetic mapping genetic resources genome genotypes germplasm grain yield haploids heterosis heterotic high yield hybrid seed identified inbred lines increase India induced mutations interaction Kharkwal large number leaf rust legumes linkage map loci locus maize male sterility method molecular markers mutation breeding N2-fixation napus Natl nodulation Oryza paramutation parents pearl millet phenotypic plant breeding Plant Cell pollen polymorphism population potential Proc progenies programme protein QTLs quantitative trait RAPD recombination recurrent selection resistance gene retrotransposons RFLP rice rust resistance sativa seed production segregating sequences Singh sorghum soybean species stability studies techniques temperature Theor tolerance tomato transposon Triticum variability variation varieties wheat Y-rays