Oilseeds (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, May 5, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 326 pages
2 Reviews
Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants presents the current status of the elucidation and improvement of plant genomes of economic interest. The focus is on genetic and physical mapping, positioning, cloning, monitoring of desirable genes by molecular breeding and the most recent advances in genomics. The series comprises seven volumes: Cereals and Millets; Oilseeds; Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops; Fruits and Nuts; Vegetables; Technical Crops; and Forest Trees. Oilseeds is devoted to oil-producing field crops such as soybeans, oilseed rape, peanuts, sunflowers, Indian mustard, Brassica rapa, black mustard and flax. While the grouping of economic plants is conventionally based on their agricultural purposes, several crops covered in this volume have other uses besides yielding oils. Brassica rapa is also used as a vegetable, the sunflower as an ornamental, and flax as a fibre crop. Black mustard, which is used as a condiment but is genetically close to other Brassica species, is also included here.
  

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Contents

1 Soybean
1
12 Construction of Soybean Genetic Map
7
123 Integrated Soybean Genetic Maps
9
13 Mapping of Genes in Soybean
10
132 Genes for Herbicide Resistance
20
135 Soybean Sterility Genes
22
137 Genes for Soybean Pigmentation
23
14 QTL Mapping in Soybean
24
References
172
5 Indian Mustard
178
513 Economic Importance
180
514 Breeding Objectives and Progress
181
515 Overcoming Limitations of Classical Endeavours
183
516 Classical Mapping Efforts
185
52 Construction of Genetic Maps
186
523 SecondGeneration Maps
188

142 Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses
36
143 Growth and Development Responses
37
144 Seed Composition
38
15 MarkerAssisted Breeding in Soybean
40
153 MarkerAssisted Introgression
41
154 Gene Pyramiding
42
162 Soybean Transformation
43
17 Future Scope
44
References
45
2 Oilseed Rape
54
212 Botanical Description
56
214 Nutritional and Chemical Composition of Rapeseed Oil
57
22 Breeding of Oilseed Rape
59
223 Improvement of Seed Components
60
224 Hybrid Breeding and Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Systems
62
225 Use of Male Sterility Systems in Oilseed Rape Breeding
64
227 Expanding the Genetic Variability in Oilseed Rape by Interspecific Hybridization
65
23 Cytogenetic Studies of Brassica Crops and Interspecific Hybrids
67
24 Genetic Diversity Studies in Brassica napus
71
Status and Potential of Transgenic Brassica napus
72
252 Genetic Engineering of Fatty Acid Biosynthesis
73
26 Molecular Markers and Genetic Mapping
77
263 Mapping of Genes and QTLs for Morphological and Quality Traits
88
264 Mapping of Genes and QTL for Disease Resistance
91
265 Mapping QTLs for Abiotic Stress
92
266 Towards an Integrated B napus Genetic Map
93
27 Comparative Genomic Studies
94
28 Physical Mapping and Genomics Tools
98
The Multinational Brassica Genome Project
100
29 Outlook
103
3 Peanut
115
313 Crop Production and Uses
116
Reduced Allergenicity and Toxicity
118
322 Cultivated Germplasm
119
33 Appropriate Germplasm and Evaluation Systems for Mapping Economically Important Traits in Peanut
121
332 Germplasm with Beneficial Traits for Mapping and Genetic Enhancement
126
34 Genomic Resources in Peanut
128
342 Molecular Diversity
131
344 Genetic Linkage Map
132
345 Comparative Mapping with Model Genomes
133
35 Successes and Limitations of Conventional Breeding in Peanut
136
36 Biotechnological Applications to Genetic Enhancement in Peanut
137
363 Transgenics
140
37 Conclusions and Future Outlook
142
References
143
4 Sunflower
153
413 Economic Importance
154
414 Conventional Breeding
155
42 Molecular Markers and Genetic Maps
156
43 Genomics and Transcriptomics
157
44 Structural Analysis by in situ Hybridization
163
45 Resistance Genes in Cultivated and Wild Sunflowers
164
46 QTL Analysis for Developmental and Agronomic Traits
168
47 In vitro TissueCultureAided Breeding
169
48 Genetic Transformation
170
524 Comparative Mapping
193
53 Gene Mapping and MarkerAssisted Selection
195
532 Seed Coat Color
197
533 Fatty AcidOil Content
198
534 Glucosinolate Content
201
54 MarkerAssisted Breeding
202
55 TransgeneAssisted Breeding
203
57 Future Scope of Works
204
References
205
6 Brassica Rapa
211
613 Economic Importance
213
62 Construction of Genetic Maps
215
622 Mapping Populations
216
623 Mapping Resources
217
624 Genetic Maps
218
625 Comparative Mapping
221
63 Gene Mapping
224
632 Disease Resistance
227
633 Vernalization Requirements and Flowering Time
229
634 Fatty Acid Content
231
636 Dwarfism
232
637 Markers Linked to Microspore Embryogenic Ability
233
642 Heat Resistance
236
645 Linolenic Acid Content
237
646 Flowering Time
239
Winter Survival and Freezing Tolerance
240
648 Mendelization of QTLs
242
65 MarkerAssisted Breeding
243
653 MarkerAssisted Selection
246
654 MarkerAssisted Introgression
248
655 Gene Pyramiding
250
66 MapBased Cloning
251
662 Genetic Resources and Mapping Populations
252
664 Outlook
253
References
254
7 Black Mustard
265
713 Breeding
266
72 DNA Marker Technology
267
732 Comparative Mapping
269
74 Mapping of FloweringTime Trait in Brassica nigra
270
75 Future Scope of Work
271
References
272
8 Flax
275
813 Karyotype
277
814 Genome Size
278
816 Breeding Objectives
280
82 Construction of Genetic Maps
282
822 Molecular Maps
285
83 Germplasm Identification
287
832 Molecular Markers for Germplasm Identification
289
833 Inducing New Variability or Traits
290
84 Gene Discovery
291
References
292
Subject Index
296
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