Beaumarchais and the American Revolution
Described by the magazine American Heritage as the "Most Underrated French Hero of the American Revolution," Caron de Beaumarchais the French watchmaker who rose to fame and fortune as a dramatist, polemist, and Enlightenment free-thinker became the most famous arms dealer of the American Revolutionary War. Based on archival research in Europe and the U.S., this authoritative study tells the fascinating story of Beaumarchais's role as an owner and outfitter of ships and as an arms merchant. It chronicles his dealings with Louis XVI, Vergennes, Benjamin Franklin, and the American Continental Congress, and his family's struggle to receive payment for the weapons and materiel sent to the American colonists. Morton and Spinelli's work is a rich, detailed history of the American Revolution and of one of the eighteenth century's most engaging characters."
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Chapter 1 Beginnings
Chapter 2 Beaumarchais and Vergennes
Chapter 3 Roderigue Hortalez and Co
Chapter 4 Silas Deane Is Sent to Europe
Chapter 5 Ships to America
Chapter 6 Benjamin Franklin
Chapter 7 France and Spain
Agent in America
Chapter 15 Francy and Deane Return to France
Chapter 16 Deanes Desperation
Chapter 18 Peace
Chapter 19 Gift or Loan?
Chapter 20 French Government Support of Beaumarchais
Chapter 21 Paymentof Sorts
accounts Adams agent ambassador Amphitrite April Archives arms arrived Arthur Lee artillery asked August Barber of Seville Beau Beaumarchais Beaumarchais wrote Bordeaux British cannon Cape Francois Captain cargo Charente-Maritime Chevallie claim Committee of Commerce comte Congress Coudray court crew d'Eon d'Estaing days later Deane's December Duponceau England Fautrel February Fier Roderigue Flamand FLBFA Francy fleet foreign affairs France Francy's Franklin French government Gerard Gudin Hamilton Havre hundred informed January Jefferson John July June king Lambert Wickes Lauraguais Laurens Le Havre letter London Lorient Louis XVI March Marchais Marshall Maurepas memoire merchants million livres minister Montaut months Montieu muskets Nantes October officers Paris payment Philadelphia port purchase received reply requested Robert Morris Rochefort Roderigue Hortalez royal royal arsenals sail Sartine secret secretary sent September ship Silas Deane Spain Spanish supplies Talleyrand thousand livres tobacco Vergennes Vergennes's Versailles Virginia West Indies William