Peacemaking in Early Modern Europe: Cardinal Mazarin and the Congress of Westphalia, 1643-1648
This book is the first full-length study of the French negotiating position, culminating in the end of a long conflict with the Holy Roman Empire. The author demonstrates that military success and defeat had less effect on the French negotiating position than had been assumed. Instead, the network of alliances not only shaped French policy, but the peace process as a whole, contributing decisively to its longevity.
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Negotiating While Fighting
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12 August 14 April Alerheim allies APW II B1 APW IIB Armee d'Allemagne attack August Axel Oxenstierna battle battle of Freiburg Bavarian BN Mf Breisach Brienne to plenipotentiaries campaign capture cavalry Clerc commander court d'Avaux D'Avaux to Mazarin December defensive Dickmann diplomatic Dutch emperor Empire enemy Enghien February fols footnote forces fortress France France's Freiburg French demands French plenipotentiaries garrison Habsburgs Heilbronn Immler Imperial infantry January July June Kurfiirst Maximilian Leopold Wilhelm letter Lionne to Servien Longueville to Mazarin Lorraine Louis XIV March Maximilian Mazarin to Longueville Mazarin to plenipotentiaries Mazarin to Turenne Mercy Miinster negotiations November orders Paris peace Peace of Westphalia Philippsburg plenipotentiaries to Brienne Plenipotentiaries to Mazarin Rhine Richelieu Salvius September 1645 Servien to Lionne siege Spain Spanish strategy Sundgau Sweden Swedish talks Tellier territory tion towns Tracy Trauttmansdorff treaty troops truce Turenne to Mazarin Turenne's Tuttlingen Vervaux Westfalische Frieden Westphalia wrote XIV to plenipotentiaries