Culture and Counter Culture in Moroccan Politics
Culture and politics in Morocco are an interactive blend of conflict and congruence. John P. Entelis argues that no single form defines Morocco's national identity and identifies four cultural patterns--monarchial, modernist, militarist, and messianic--that compete with each other yet share strong ties to an overriding cultural core of 'Muslim consensus'. This consensus explains much of the country's success in reconciling cultural differences in a relatively nonviolent manner and in creating a pluralistic, open and populist society. Entelis argues that Morocco, at a critical juncture in its postindependence history, may be able to overcome challenges from international pressures and socioeconomic problems because of its cultural harmony. Previously published in 1989 by Westview Press.
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The Muslim Consensus
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adaptive modernization Afro-Arab Alawite Algeria Aouita Arab world associated authority behavior belief Berber bidonvilles Casablanca challenges cities clientele Combs-Schilling 1982 corruption counterculture country's countryside coup cultural orientations cultural synthesis cynicism dominant economic educated Eickelman 1986 elite Etienne and Tozy example existing faith forces foreign policy fundamentalist gauchistes Green March groups identity ideology incremental democratization independence individual institutions King Hassan king's leaders legitimacy liberal Maghreb majority of Moroccans maraboutism mass Mehdi Ben Barka messianic militant Islam militarist military modernist Mohamed Oufkir monarchical culture monarchy Moroccan nationalism Moroccan political Moroccan society Morocco movements Muslim consensus nationalist Nedelcovych norms numbers organization patrimonial patron-client political culture political parties political system politics in Morocco Rabat radical regime relations religious remains role rural scripturalist secular sense social socioeconomic subcultures symbols Tessler throne traditional tribal Tunisia UNEM union unlike urban USFP Waterbury 1970 Western Sahara Zartman