AIDS and Behavior: An Integrated Approach
National Academies Press, Jan 1, 1994 - Medical - 301 pages
HIV is spreading rapidly, and effective treatments continue to elude science. Preventive interventions are now our best defense against the epidemic--but they require a clear understanding of the behavioral and mental health aspects of HIV infection and AIDS.
AIDS and Behavior provides an update of what investigators in the biobehavioral, psychological, and social sciences have discovered recently about those aspects of the disease and offers specific recommendations for research directions and priorities.
This volume candidly discusses the sexual and drug-use behaviors that promote transmission of HIV and reports on the latest efforts to monitor the epidemic in its social contexts. The committee reviews new findings on how and why risky behaviors occur and efforts to develop strategies for changing such behaviors. The volume presents findings on the disease's progression and on the psychosocial impacts of HIV and AIDS, with a view toward intervention and improved caregiving.
AIDS and Behavior also evaluates the status of behavioral and prevention aspects of AIDS research at the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
The volume presents background on the three institutes; their recent reorganization; their research budgets, programs, and priorities; and other important details. The committee offers specific recommendations for the institutes concerning the balance between biomedical and behavioral investigations, adequacy of administrative structures, and other research management issues.
Anyone interested in the continuing quest for new knowledge on preventing HIV and AIDS will want to own this book: policymakers, researchers, research administrators, public health professionals, psychologists, AIDS advocates and service providers, faculty, and students.
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ADAMHA Reorganization addiction agencies AIDS budget AIDS dementia complex AIDS Prevention Studies AIDS programs AIDS research programs AIDS-related alcohol American associated basic behavior change biomedical brain caregivers Center for AIDS clinical cocaine collaboration committee recommends context coordination crack demonstrated develop director disease progression drug abuse drug-using effects epidemiology evaluation extramural factors female condom focused groups heterosexual highrisk HIV disease HIV infection HIV risk behavior HIV transmission HIV/AIDS human immunodeficiency virus immune system individual injection drug users interactions Journal mechanisms Medical Medicine Mental Health Services mentally ill methadone models NADR National Institute needle exchange NIDA NIDA's NIMH NIMH AIDS percent populations projects psychiatric psychological psychoneuroimmunology psychosocial Public Health recommends that NIAAA reduce relationship research and services research grants safer sex SAMHSA San Francisco Scripps Research Institute seroconversion seroprevalence sexual behavior specific strategies substance abuse syringe three institutes transmission of HIV women
Page ii - Health (NIH): the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the National Institute of Mental Health.
Page 285 - Human immunodeficiency virus-infected macrophages produce soluble factors that cause histological and neurochemical alterations in cultured human brains. J Clin Invest 1991; 87:503-512.
Page 274 - Psychological functioning in a cohort of gay men at risk for AIDS: A three-year descriptive study.
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