Picasso

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Capstone, Jan 1, 2002 - Juvenile Nonfiction - 24 pages
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Explore the lives and works of the world's greatest artists. Readers will step inside artists' studios to learn about the people, places, and events what had the biggest influence on their careers. Students will also discover how artists' work had on impact, not only on the times in which they lived, but also on our world today. Easy-to-read text is supplemented with full-color reproductions of each artist's major works and chronologies of the artist's major life events and accomplishments, making these books excellent resources. This series explores and supports the standards under "Understanding the Visual Arts in Relation to History and Cultures," as required by the National Council for Arts Education, and the standards under "Individual Development and identity," as required by the National Council for the Social Studies.
  

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Contents

Table cj Contents
5
Rose Period
11
Guernica
17
Words to Know
23
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Shelley Swanson Sateren is the author of several nonfiction books for children. This is her first novel. She lives in St. Paul, MN.

Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, Spanish painter, graphic artist, and sculptor, is generally considered the most revolutionary, influential, and versatile artist of the twentieth century. He was born in Malaga, son of a painter, and studied in Barcelona. His extraordinary talent showed at an early age. Before he was 14, he had already produced a masterwork in the classic tradition. His early paintings (1901-04) of the so-called Blue Period (in which blues dominate the color scheme) deal with outcasts, beggars, sick children, and circus people. The Old Guitarist is the most famous of his Blue Period paintings. In Paris, Picasso developed a lighter palette, the so-called Rose Period, which is exemplified in The Boy with Horse. In his so-called Negro Period (1907-09), he concerned himself with basic forms, revealing the influence of African art. During those same years, he turned to the incipient cubist movement. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, in its semiabstract geometric forms, was a revolutionary step toward twentieth-century modernism, which he, together with Braque and Matisse, really set in motion. Picasso went through the entire vocabulary of cubism, its analytical as well as its synthetic phase. After 1918 he was also hailed as an initiator of surrealism. The horrors of the Spanish civil war affected Picasso deeply. With almost mythological power, his major work Guernica was inspired by the terror-bombing of the ancient capital of the Basques in northern Spain. Although the painting does not represent the event itself, it does evoke the agony and terror of war in general. The saturation bombing depicted in Guernica was the first demonstration of a technique later employed during World War II. Night Fishing at Antibes is another masterwork of that period. In his later years, Picasso experimented with ceramics and did highly original sculptures---including the famous Goat, as well as collages. He also produced a flood of drawings, lithographs, engravings, and stage designs. He remained creative to the last day of his life.

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