Neuroergonomics : The Brain at Work: The Brain at Work

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Raja Parasuraman Professor of Psychology and Director of the Cognitive Science Laboratory The Catholic University of America, Director of the Division of Neuroergonomics Matthew Rizzo Professor of Neurology, and Professor of Industrial Engineering and Public Policy The University of Iowa
Oxford University Press, Nov 16, 2006 - Psychology - 464 pages
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Neuroergonomics can be defined as the study of brain and behavior at work. It combines two disciplines--neuroscience, the study of brain function, and human factors, the study of how to match technology with the capabilities and limitations of people so they can work effectively and safely. The goal of merging these two fields is to use the startling discoveries of human brain and physiological functioning both to inform the design of technologies in the workplace and home, and to provide new training methods that enhance performance, expand capabilities, and opitimize the fit between people and technology. Research in the area of neuroergonomics has blossomed in recent years with the emergence of noninvasive techniques for monitoring human brain function that cna be used to study various aspects of human behavior in relation to technology and work, including mental workload, visual attention, working memory, motor control, human-automation interaction, and adaptive automation. This volume will provide the first systematic overview of this emerging area, describing the theoretical background, basic research, major methods, as well as the new and future areas of application. This collection will benefit a number of readers: the experienced researcher investigating related questions in human factors and cognitive neuroscience, the student wishing to get a rapid but systematic overview of the field, and the designer interested in novel approaches and new ideas for application. Researchers in human factors and ergonomics, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, medicine, industrial engineering, and computer science will find this volume most helpful.
  

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Contents

Introduction to Neuroergonomics
2
Neuroergonomics Methods
12
Electroencephalography
14
EventRelated Potentials ERPs
31
Functional Magnetic Resonance
50
Optical Imaging of Brain Function
64
Transcranial Doppler Sonography
81
Eye Movements as a Window on Perception and Congnition
94
Physical Neuroergonomics
220
Technology Applications
236
Adaptive Automation
238
Virtual Reality and Neuroergonomics
252
The Role of EmotionInspired Abilities in Relational Robots
274
Neural Engineering
292
Special Populations
312
EEGBased BrainComputer Interface
314

The Brain in the Wild
112
Perception Cognition and Emotion
128
Spatial Navigation
130
Cerebral Hemodynamics and Vigilance
145
Executive Functions
158
The Neurology of Emotions and Feelings and Their Role in Behavioral Decisions
177
Stress Fatigue and Physical Work
192
Stress and Neuroergonomics
194
Sleep and Circadian Control of Neurobehavioral Functions
206
Artificial Vision
328
Neurorehabilitation Robotics and Neuroprosthetics
345
Medical Safety and Neuroergonomics
359
Conclusion
378
Future Prospects for Neuroergonomics
380
Glossary
388
Author Index
396
Subject Index
418
Copyright

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