Black Troops, White Commanders and Freedmen During the Civil War

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SIU Press, Sep 9, 2008 - History - 189 pages
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Recounting the experiences of black soldiers in the Civil War

 

In the ten probing essays collected in this volume, Howard C. Westwood recounts the often bitter experiences of black men who were admitted to military service and the wrenching problems associated with the shifting status of African Americans during the Civil War.

Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen during the Civil War covers topics ranging from the roles played by Lincoln and Grant in beginning black soldiery to the sensitive issues that arose when black soldiers (and their white officers) were captured by the Confederates. The essays relate the exploits of black heroes such as Robert Smalls, who singlehandedly captured a Confederate steamer, as well as the experiences of the ignoble Reverend Fountain Brown, who became the first person charged with violating the Emancipation Proclamation.

Although many thousands were enlisted as soldiers, blacks were barred from becoming commissioned officers and for a long time they were paid far less than their white counterparts. These and other blatant forms of discrimination understandably provoked discontent among black troops which, in turn, sparked friction with their white commanders. Westwood's fascinating account of the artillery company from Rhode Island amply demonstrates how frustrations among black soldiers came to be seen as "mutiny" by some white officers.

 

  

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Contents

Lincolns Position on Black Enlistments
1
Grants Role in Beginning Black Soldiery
21
Benjamin Butlers Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862
37
Generals David Hunter and Rufus Saxton and Black Soldiers
55
Mr Smalls A Personal Adventure
74
Captive Black Union Soldiers in CharlestonWhat to Do?
86
Sherman Marchedand Proclaimed Land for the Landless
106
The Cause and Consequence of a Union Black Soldiers Mutiny and Execution
125
Company A of Rhode Islands Black Regiment Its Enlisting Its Mutiny Its Pay Its Service
142
The Reverend Fountain Brown Alleged Violator of the Emancipation Proclamation
167
Index
185
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

The late Howard C. Westwood was a senior partner in the Washington, D.C., law firm Covington & Burling. He published carefully documented articles on the Civil War for more than thirty years and served as a director of the Ulysses S. Grant Association.

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