Word Derivation in Early Middle English
No comprehensive study of Early Middle English derivation has been published thus far. This book is an attempt to remedy the situation, at least to give a detailed analysis of one class of suffixes, i.e., seven suffixes forming abstract nouns. They are both of native (-dōm, -s(c)hipe(e), -hōd(e) and -nes(se)) and French origin (-āge, -(e)rte and -ment). The analysis includes the semantics of the suffixes both from a diachronic and a synchronic perspective as well as their productivity and dialect distribution. The study is data-oriented, hence the analysis of linguistic facts is dominating. The analysed material comes from the Dictionary of Old English (A-F) based on the Toronto Corpus of Old English Texts, the Toronto Corpus and the Middle English Dictionary on-line. The unique features of the study are the account of the senses of the suffixes in Old and Early Middle English, and the semantic evolution of the native suffixes from Old to Early Middle English as well as the demonstration that some of the French suffixes were productive already in Early Middle English.
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abstract suffix activity Additionally adjectives analysed Ancrene wisse appears assumes the sense attested Ayenbite ofinwyt Bosworth and Toller coined compounds Dalton-Puffer 1996 deadjectival deadjectival derivatives denoting a quality deverbal dialect distribution Dictionary of Old discussed Dorskiy e)rie Early Middle English East Midlands element EME coinages event Fisiak forming abstract nouns French suffixes Helsinki Corpus hod(e hybrid formations hybrids independent word inherited from Old instances Jespersen 1942 judgement Kastovsky Koziol language Late Middle English lexemes lexical loanwords Marchand Martin meaning ment Middle Dutch Middle English period Moreover morphological native ness occurrences OE scipe Old English Old Norse origin Ormulum past participles Peterborough Chronicle productivity rank refers regards Sauer Scandinavian Seinte semantic sense a condition sense a quality sense an act sense territory South English legendary stems subperiod suffix forming suffix hed(e suffix nes(se suffixoid tion tives Toronto Corpus transparency types verbs wickedness word-formation Zbierska-Sawala 1993