Urban Carnivores: Ecology, Conflict, and Conservation

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Stanley D. Gehrt, Seth P. D. Riley, Brian L. Cypher
JHU Press, Mar 12, 2010 - Business & Economics - 285 pages
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With over half of the world’s human population now living in cities, human-carnivore interaction in urban areas is a growing area of concern and research for wildlife managers, conservationists, urban planners, and the public at large. This volume brings together leading international carnivore researchers to explore the unique biological and ecological issues associated with mammalian carnivores in urban landscapes.

Carnivores in urban areas are fascinating from an ecological standpoint. They elicit great passions—positive and negative—among humans and present difficult challenges for wildlife conservationists and managers. The first section of the book discusses the field of urban ecology and the many potential roles of carnivores in urban ecosystems, details the general behavior and ecology of this group of mammals, and addresses the human side of potential conflicts between people and carnivores in cities. The second section provides species accounts of the most common urban carnivores, including raccoons, coyotes, foxes, skunks, and mountain lions. A separate chapter examines the very specialized place of domesticated cats and dogs. The last section compares how various carnivore species fare in cities, looks at the utility of existing conservation and conflict management efforts, and suggests directions for further research and future management initiatives.

This thorough examination of the conflicts and complications surrounding urban wildlife is the first to focus specifically on carnivores. It includes an extensive bibliography and is an essential reference for wildlife biologists, mammalogists, and urban planners.

  

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Contents

1 The Urban Ecosystem
3
2 Carnivore Behavior and Ecology and Relationship to Urbanization
13
The Human Dimension
21
4 Raccoons Procyon lotor
35
5 Kit Foxes Vulpes macrotis
49
6 Red Foxes Vulpes vulpes
63
7 Coyotes Canis latrans
79
8 Striped Skunks and Allies Mephitis spp
97
12 Domestic Cat Felis catus and Domestic Dog Canis familiaris
157
13 A Taxonomic Analysis of Urban Carnivore Ecology
173
14 Community Ecology of Urban Carnivores
185
15 Responding to HumanCarnivore Conflicts in Urban Areas
201
16 Conservation of Urban Carnivores
213
Final Perspectives and Future Directions
223
List of Scientific Names
233
Bibliography
235

9 Eurasian Badgers Meles meles
109
10 Bobcats Lynx rufus
121
11 Mountain Lions Puma concolor
141

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About the author (2010)

Stanley D. Gehrt is an adjunct senior scientist at Max McGraw Wildlife Foundation and an assistant professor of wildlife ecology at the Ohio State University. Seth P. D. Riley is a wildlife ecologist with the U.S. National Park Service. Brian L. Cypher is a research ecologist at California State University, Stanislaus.

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