Fascism: The 'fascist epoch'

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Roger Griffin, Matthew Feldman
Taylor & Francis, 2004 - Political Science - 464 pages
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The nature of 'fascism' has been hotly contested by scholars since the term was first coined by Mussolini in 1919. However, for the first time since Italian fascism appeared there is now a significant degree of consensus amongst scholars about how to approach the generic term, namely as a revolutionary form of ultra-nationalism. Seen from this perspective, all forms of fascism have three common features: anticonservatism, a myth of ethnic or national renewal and a conception of a nation in crisis. This collection includes articles that show this new consensus, which is inevitably contested, as well as making available material which relates to aspects of fascism independently of any sort of consensus and also covering fascism of the inter and post-war periods.This is a comprehensive selection of texts, reflecting both the extreme multi-faceted nature of fascism as a phenomenon and the extraordinary divergence of interpretations of fascism.
  

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Contents

Italy Fascism in power the totalitarian experiment
17
Germany The essence of Nazism form of fascism brand of totalitarianism or unique phenomenon?
47
Fascisms under authoritarian conservatism
75
Portugal National Syndicalism and international fascism
77
Spain Conclusion to Fascism in Spain 19231977
91
Hungary Extract from Hungary
102
Romania Extract from Characteristics of Rumanian fascism
119
Fascisms under liberalism
143
Nazioccupied France Vichy and Fascism
231
Ireland Extract from Connections with fascism
247
Fascism in Latin America
267
Brazil Extract from Fascism and authoritarianism in Brazil under Vargas 19301945
269
Chile A case of nonEuropean fascism Chilean National Socialism in the 1930s
304
Argentina The fascist and populist syndromes in the Argentine revolution of the right
328
Fascism in Africa Asia and the USA
357
South Africa The Berlin connection
359

Great Britain The blackshirted utopians
145
Finland Extract from From white to blueandblack Finnish fascism in the interwar era
164
Sweden Swedish fascism why bother?
177
France The Croix de Feu Bonapartism national populism or fascism?
202
Parafascism
229
China Blue Shirts Nationalists and nationalism fascism in 1930s China
384
Japan Japanese fascism and the Tenno imperial state
403
Japan Fascism from below? A comparative perspective on the Japanese right 19311936
419
USA Extracts from The Coming American Fascism
438
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