The Last Century of Sea Power: From Port Arthur to Chanak, 18941922, Volume 1 (Google eBook)

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Indiana University Press, Jun 9, 2009 - History - 568 pages
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The transition to modern war at sea began during the period of the Sino-Japanese War (18941895) and the Spanish-American War (1898) and was propelled forward rapidly by the advent of the dreadnought and the nearly continuous state of war that culminated in World War I. By 1922, most of the elements that would define sea power in the 20th century were in place. Written by one of our foremost military historians, this volume acknowledges the complex nature of this transformation, focusing on imperialism, the growth of fleets, changes in shipbuilding and armament technology, and doctrines about the deployment and use of force at sea, among other factors. There is careful attention to the many battles fought at sea during this period and their impact on the future of sea power. The narrative is supplemented by a wide range of reference materials, including a detailed census of capital ships built during this period and a remarkable chronology of actions at sea during World War I.

  

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Contents

Introduction
3
One The SinoJapanese War 18941895
19
Appendix 11 The Pacific and the East Indies in the Nineteenth Century
28
Two The GrecoTurkish War of 1897
31
Three The SpanishAmerican War of 1898
37
Appendix 31 The Actions in the Philippines and the American Order of Battle
50
Appendix 32 The Campaign on Puerto Rico
52
Four The Shifting Balance of Power
53
Appendix 91 The Battle off Heligoland 28 August 1914
235
Appendix 92 The Battles off Coronel 1 November and the Falklands 8 December 1914
237
Appendix 93 The Battle off the Dogger Bank 24 January 1915
240
Appendix 94 The Battle of Jutland 31 May1 June 1916
242
Appendix 95 The Scale of Convoy Escorts Assigned to Various Ports 19171918 and the Expansion of the British Navy between 1914 and 1918
249
a The Scale of Convoy Escorts assigned to Various Ports 19171918
250
b The Wartime Expansion of the British Navy
251
May 1917November1918
255

Appendix 41 The German 1898 Building Program
62
Appendix 42 The Boxer Rebellion and South Africa
64
Part 2 From Port Arthur to Bucharest 1898 to 1913
67
Introduction
69
The First Phases
74
Appendix 51 Submarines and the RussoJapanese War
101
Appendix 52 The Japanese Attack at Port Arthur 8 February 1904
103
Appendix 53 The Second and Third Blocking Operations
105
Appendix 54 The Order of Battle in the Action of 10 August1904
107
Appendix 55 The Fate of Russian Ships with the 1st Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur
108
The Battle of Tsushima and Its Aftermath
111
Appendix 61 The Fate of Russian Ships with the 2nd and 3rd Pacific Squadrons
128
Appendix 62 Japanese Warships Sunk and Damaged at the Battle off Tsushima
130
Appendix 63 The Campaign on Sakhalin
132
Appendix 64 The Opening of the Portsmouth Conference
134
Seven The Dreadnought Naval Race
135
Summary by Year
149
Appendix 72 British and German Capital Ship Programs and Construction 19051913
151
Appendix 73 The Battleships and Battlecruisers of the Major Powers 19051913
161
Eight Prelude to the First World War
165
Part 3 From Sarajevo to Constantinople 1914 to 1922
187
Introduction
189
Appendix Part 3 Intro1 British Trade in the First World War
205
a The Volume of Imports Entering British ports in 19131917 and 1918 by Commodities
206
b Cargoes and British Ports 19131919
208
Gains and Losses
211
Nine The War in Northern Waters
215
Appendix 97 Uboat and Shipping Losses in the First World War
258
a Total German Uboat Aggregate Allied and Neutral and British Shipping Losses to Enemy Action and Sinkings by German Regional Formations in t...
259
b German Figures Relating to the Sinkings of Allied and Neutral Merchantmen by Submarines and by Regional Commands
263
High Seasand Coastal Convoy Sailings and Losses
266
a Convoys to and from British Waters
267
b Coastal and ShortHaul Convoys
269
Ten Tsingtao and the Dardanelles
270
Eleven Naval Support of Operationsin Africa
287
Twelve Action in the Baltic
295
Thirteen The Black Sea Otranto Strait and Other Matters
302
Appendix 131 Other German Units outside European Waters
319
Appendix 132 Russian Destroyer and TorpedoBoat Losses in the Baltic and Black Seas
321
Fourteen The Legacy of the First World War
323
Appendix 141 Warship and Auxiliary Losses 19141918
345
a Tabular Representation of Warship and Auxiliary Losses of the Allied and the Central Powers 19141918
346
b Battleships and Battlecruisers Lost in the Course of the First World War
348
Appendix 142 The Arrival of British Imperial and Dominion Formations in Europe
350
Part 4 Not So Much Finis as
353
Conclusion
355
Appendix Conclu1 The Battleships Battlecruisers Aircraft Carriers and Cruisers with the British Navy 1913 and 1935
360
Chronology of the First World War at Sea
369
Notes
443
Selected Bibliography
497
General Index
509
Index of Warships Auxiliaries and Merchantmen and Submarines
531
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

H. P. Willmott has written extensively on warfare in general and on World War II in particular. Among his books is The Battle of Leyte Gulf: The Last Fleet Action, a Society of Military History prize winner (IUP, 2005). He lives in Englefield Green, Egham, England.

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