Tackling Jim Crow: Racial Segregation in Professional Football (Google eBook)
Many are familiar with Jackie Robinson and the integration of Major League Baseball after all the years of separate black and white leagues, but fewer people know of the segregation and then integration of the National Football League. The timing and sequence of events were different, but football followed a pattern similar to that of baseball in regard to the beginning and end of racial segregation. This work traces professional football's movement from segregation to integration, beginning with a discussion of the various reasons why the game was first segregated. It describes the schemes that NFL owners came up with to ban African Americans from the league in the 1930s and 1940s, and tells how these barriers broke down after World War II. The author considers how professional football overcame the legacies of Jim Crow and how Jim Crow laws may still haunt the game.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
The Early Days of Integration
The Emerging Pro Game
New League New Opportunities
The Curtain Falls
The Segregation Years
Trials of the War Years
The Early Saga of Marion Motley
AAFC African Amer African American African American players African Americans played Akron All-American American football Amidst Angeles ball Baltimore Colts Bears began Big Daddy black colleges black players Butler Canton Cardinals certainly championship Chicago Defender city's Civil Rights Cleveland Browns coach college football defensive early fight Football League football players football team Fritz Pollard game's George Halas George Preston Marshall going integration issue Jim Crow Joe Lillard Kemp Kennedy Kenny Washington knee knew league's Lipscomb major league baseball Marion Motley Marshall's Mitchell Motley's nation Negro Nevada never NFL owners NFL team NFL's October offensive Ohio Oregon Orleans Paul Brown Pittsburgh Courier political pre-season professional football punt quarterback race racial racism Rams regard Robeson Rooney Roosevelt Roosevelt Brown running back season segregated Smith squad Stadium star tackle talent team owners team's teammates Thorpe tion touchdown Udall University Washington Redskins Willis yards York