Western Perspectives on Chinese Higher Education: A Model for Cross-cultural Inquiry
Drawing on the two theories' strengths while avoiding their weaknesses, the book proposes realist constructivism as a general epistemic model for one area of inquiry - cross-cultural studies, defined as studies involving scholars from one society or culture studying another. The model has a descriptive and a normative dimension. Descriptively, realist constructivism maintains that a scholarly study of another society does reveal and is constrained by the studied society's social reality while being thoroughly shaped by factors involving the scholar and his society, whereas normatively it urges that a cross-cultural study should reveal and be constrained by the studied society's relevant social reality while being thoroughly shaped by a host of factors involving the scholar and his society.
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Approaches Statements and Assumptions
Emphases and Silences
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academic analysts approach aspects assumptions underlying aware biaoxian chapter China scholars Chinese education Chinese higher education Chinese studies Chinese term Chinese universities Chinglish concept constructivist context criticism cross-cultural inquiry cross-cultural scholars cross-cultural studies Cultural Revolution Deng Xiaoping discussion documents economic educational policy English evaluation criteria examination example existence explanation explicit foreign teachers Gang of Four Hayhoe Hayhoe's highly realistic Howard Gardner identifies interpretation jiaoyu knowledge Leap Forward Mao's Maoist methodological minban jiaoshi model for cross-cultural normative official Chinese Order Models Project's Paul Cohen Pepper period perspective philosophy pinyin points of view political Porter post-Mao present problems protagonists Rai's reader realist constructivism realistic accounts refers reform relevant reality reveal scholarly selection social imperialism social reality social sciences specific statements strategies studied reality studied society studies of Chinese term's theoretical theory tion translation understanding versus wenke Western scholars Western studies World Order Models