The Calusa: Linguistic and Cultural Origins and Relationships

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University of Alabama Press, Nov 30, 2011 - History - 86 pages
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Normal0falsefalsefalseEN-USX-NONEX-NONEMicrosoftInternetExplorer4 The linguistic origins of Native American cultures and the connections between these cultures as traced through language in prehistory remain vexing questions for scholars across multiple disciplines and interests.  Native American linguist Julian Granberry defines the Calusa language, formerly spoken in southwestern coastal Florida, and traces its connections to the Tunica language of northeast Louisiana.   Archaeologists, ethnologists, and linguists have long assumed that the Calusa language of southwest Florida was unrelated to any other Native American language. Linguistic data can offer a unique window into a culture’s organization over space and time; however, scholars believed the existing lexical data was insufficient and have not previously attempted to analyze or define Calusa from a linguistic perspective.   In The Calusa: Linguistic and Cultural Origins and Relationships, Granberry presents a full phonological and morphological analysis of the total corpus of surviving Calusa language data left by a literate Spanish captive held by the Calusa from his early youth to adulthood. In addition to further defining the Calusa language, this book presents the hypothesis of language-based cultural connections between the Calusa people and other southeastern Native American cultures, specifically the Tunica. Evidence of such intercultural connections at the linguistic level has important implications for the ongoing study of life among prehistoric people in North America. Consequently, this thoroughly original and meticulously researched volume breaks new ground and will add new perspectives to the broader scholarly knowledge of ancient North American cultures and to debates about their relationships with one another.  
  

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Contents

1 Investigating the Calusa
1
2 The European Period History of the Calusa
9
3 Records of Calusa Culture
15
4 The Source of the Calusa Language
19
5 The Nature of the Calusa Language
27
6 Tracing the Calusa Migration
48
7 The Calusa and the Weeden Island Gulf Tradition
58
8 The Language and Culture of MidFlorida
62
9 A Final Assessment
65
References
71
Index
83
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Julian Granberry is the Language Coordinator for Native American Language Services in Florida and author of numerous publications, including A Grammar and Dictionary of the Timucua Language and The Americas That Might Have Been: Native American Social Systems through Time.

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