Community Colleges: A Reference Handbook (Google eBook)

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ABC-CLIO, Jan 1, 2005 - Education - 255 pages
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This new volume shows why America's community colleges increasingly find themselves at the epicenter of social conflict, surrounded by unresolved questions such as: In a country based on the notion of equal opportunity, shouldn't all high school graduates have access to higher education? Are access and excellence really compatible? What is the real work of community colleges? Is it to provide transfer programs for students going on to baccalaureate colleges or training workers for careers in business and industry?

In this comprehensive guide, readers will find not only a solid grounding in the latest research on these difficult questions but also a thoughtful analysis of the social forces that gave rise to American community colleges and still shape them today.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
DEFINING COMMUNITY COLLEGES
2
The Community Aspect of Community Colleges
5
Creating Community
6
THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
8
THE COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
9
Governance
12
Faculty
13
BALANCING ACCESS AND EQUITY
107
DEVELOPMENTAL EDUCATION
109
CONCLUSION
110
References
111
The Curriculum Transfer versus Career
117
RESPONDING TO WORKFORCE NEEDS
121
Vocational Education
122
Determining Career Trajectories
125

Accreditation
15
THE PROMISE OF HIGHER EDUCATION
16
Community Colleges and the Growth of Higher Education
17
CHALLENGES
18
Community College Students as FirstGeneration Learners
20
International Students
21
THE BENEFITS OF THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
22
Economic Impact and Economic
23
Community Colleges as Bastions of Democracy
24
THE CRISIS IN EDUCATION AND THE CONTEMPORARY IMPORTANCE OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES
26
Boosters and Detractors
28
UNDERSTANDING THE STUDENT EXPERIENCE IN COMMUNITY COLLEGES
31
EXPANDING THE MISSION OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES
34
CONCLUSION
35
The Growth of Community Colleges in the Twentieth Century
43
AN INTERPRETIVE ESSAY
47
CONCEPTUALIZING HISTORICAL CHANGE
50
THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES
51
FACTORS INFLUENCING COMMUNITY COLLEGE DEVELOPMENT
53
Schooling for Acculturation and Assimilation
54
THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND THE PROFESSIONALIZATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION DURING THE TWENTI...
56
Institutionalism
58
Politics versus Markets
59
TENSIONS SURROUNDING LOCAL VERSUS FEDERAL CONTROL
61
The Ideological Promise of Schooling for Upward Mobility
64
ImmigrationAcculturationand Citizenship
65
Bureaucratization Professionalization and Control
66
THE EMERGENCE OF THE RESEARCH UNIVERSITY AND HIGHER EDUCATION SEGMENTATION
68
CONCLUSION
69
Community Colleges and Access versus Excellence
75
THE CONUNDRUM OF DEMOCRATIC LIBERALISM
78
The Promise of Equality and Persistence of Inequality
79
THE COMPLEXITY OF MEASURING COMMUNITY COLLEGE EFFECTIVENESS
82
The Dilemma Facing Community Colleges
83
Accountability and HighStakes Testing
84
Measuring Success
86
Assessing Outcomes
90
Meritocracy
93
MarketBased Reforms
96
THE AFFORDABILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION
97
CHALLENGES OF ATTAINING AND MAINTAINING EXCELLENCE
98
Learning Communities and Peer Mentoring
100
The Learning College
101
Service Learning
103
The Digital Divide
105
COMMUNITY COLLEGE CURRICULA
126
CrossFunctional Skills
128
Vocational Clusters
130
Absence of Clear Career Pathways
131
IS THERE A SHORTAGE OF SKILLED WORKERS?
132
Wage Inequality
133
Is College for All?
134
ANTIPATHY TOWARD VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
136
Changing the Context of Undergraduate Education
137
Workforce Training
141
CONCLUSION
143
Community Colleges and Lifelong Learning
149
EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY THROUGHOUT THE LIFE SPAN
153
HUMAN CAPITAL LIFELONG LEARNING AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
155
WORKFORCE TRAINING AND WORKFORCE INTERMEDIARIES
158
LIFELONG HIGHER EDUCATION ENROLLMENT PATTERNS
161
Creating a Foundation for Lifelong Learning
162
Factors That Inhibit Lifelong Learning
163
CAEL and Adult LearningFocused Institutions
164
University Extension and Continuing Education Programs
165
Learning Competencies
167
RECENT GROWTH IN ADULT EDUCATION
168
Distance Learning and Cyberschools
169
INSTITUTES FOR LEARNING IN RETIREMENT
170
The Future of the Community College
177
Additional Prospects and Challenges Facing Community Colleges
193
MISSION AND FINANCES
195
Organizational Challenges Facing Community Colleges
197
Certifications and Credentials
199
Corporatization of Higher Education
200
Distance and Online Learning
201
Entrepreneurialism
203
COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND THE AMERICAN DREAM
204
Forging Closer Linkages to K12
206
Competition from ForProfit Providers
208
CONCLUSION
209
Organizations Associations and Government Agencies
215
Selected Print and Nonprint Resources
227
NONPRINT RESOURCES
231
Online Periodicals and Publications
233
Glossary
235
Index
241
About the Author
255
Copyright

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References from web pages

Dr. David Levinson
... Education and Sociology: An Encyclopedia, published by routledgefalmer in 2002 and author of Community Colleges: A Reference Handbook, ABC-CLIO, 2005. ...
www.ncc.commnet.edu/ levinsonBio.asp

ABC-CLIO
Description The only overview of research on the uniquely American community college system, which is increasingly becoming the site of entry for students ...
www.abc-clio.com/ Products/ overview.aspx?productid=108675

Reference
27.5, Community Colleges: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary Education Issues): A ~ David L. Levinson ABC-CLIO Ltd David L. Levinson ...
www.mybooksbee.co.uk/ cat100808.html

Education
-3%, 18, Community Colleges: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary Education Issues) ~ David Levinson ABC-CLIO David Levinson ...
www.myguidebee.com/ cat102810.html

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