Veiled Gurus: A Hindu Mother's Experiential Involvement in Religious Knowledge Transmission (Google eBook)

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University Press of America, 2008 - Religion - 173 pages
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This work examines the social reality of a Hindu woman's involvement in the transmission of religious knowledge. The two-year ethnographic study traces the steps of Dalit women in an urban village in New Delhi, India, in which Dr. Yim explores the mother's role in life cycle rituals, festivals, vrats (ritual fasts), and daily life. In this study, Yim attempts to bridge the gap between the word of religious texts and the reality of the women's lives.

Despite the tradition of religious texts to overlook the role of women as teachers, this study found that women are the primary agents of religious knowledge transmission. The Dalit women in this study convey their erudition through informal education, such as observation; worship; imitation; and family responsibilities.

The implications of this study are not only to validate informal education as an effective means of teaching, but to confirm the central role Hindu women have in the transmission of religious knowledge to their children.
  

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Contents

The Women and Their Environment
1
The History of Women in Hinduism Ritual Practices and Education
5
Shruti and Smrti
7
WOMENS ROLE IN RELIGION
8
Period of Smrtris
9
THE ROLE OF DHARMA IN WOMENS EDUCATION
11
Definition of Dharma
12
Effects of Dharma on Women in Relation to Their Religious Education
14
CONCLUSION
100
Knowledge Transmission Through Daily Life
103
KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION THROUGH HOSPITALITY AND GREETINGS
107
KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION THROUGH SHOWING RESPECT
108
Showing Respect to InLaws
109
Showing Respect to Husband
111
Respect through service
112
KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION THROUGH HOME WORSHIP
113

EDUCATION TRANSMISSION
17
Festivals
20
Family and Community as Teachers
21
Informal Education
23
CONCLUSION
25
Transmission of Religious Knowledge Who is Responsible?
27
Responsibilities and Obligations of Elders
29
Responsibility of Paternal Grandmother
30
Responsibility of MotherinLaw
31
Responsibility of Mother
32
Responsibility of Wife
35
Importance of Elders Knowledge
37
Religious Knowledge Transmission Through Rituals
41
TRANSMISSION OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE THROUGH BIRTH RITUALS
42
Satiyan Puja
43
SixthDay Puja
45
Well Puja
46
TRANSMISSION OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE THROUGH MARRIAGE RITUALS
47
Marriage Rituals
63
PostMarriage Rituals
68
TRANSMISSION OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE THROUGH DEATH RITUALS
72
SUMMARY OF KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION THROUGH LIFECYCLE RITUALS
73
Religious Knowledge Transmission Through Festivals and Votive Rites
77
KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION THROUGH FESTIVALS AND VOTIVE RITES IN THE CONTEXT OF SISTERBROTHER RELATIONSHIPS
79
Bhaiya Duj
82
KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION THROUGH VRATS AND FESTIVALS FOR AFFINAL FAMILY
84
Ahoi Asthami
88
Bahu and Family Context
89
DivaliPir Baba
92
Goverdhan Puja
96
Holi and Pir Baba
97
KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION THROUGH FAST OF RESPECT
99
Daily Worship Puja
114
Giving CharityFood for Animals
115
Agents of Knowledge Transmission Hindu Women
117
Marriage Facilitates Dharma through Service to Husband
118
Marriage Facilitates Dharma through Child Bearing
119
Status Achieved through Obedience to Family and Specialists
120
Spiritual Intervention in Affairs of Life Necessary and Possible
121
Intervention through Vrats
122
Intervention through Use of Auspicious Symbols Artifacts and Paraphernalia
123
MAIN AGENTS OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION
124
Community as Teachers
125
SECONDARY AGENTS OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION
126
PROCESS AND METHODS OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION
127
Observation and Imitation
128
Reciprocity
130
Rote Learning
131
Audio and Visual Learning
132
IMPLICATIONS OF STUDY
133
SUMMARY
134
Appendix
137
OBSERVATIONS
138
Daily Worship Puja and Daily Responsibilities
139
Festivals and Vrats
140
OpenEnded Interviews
141
Survey
142
LIMITATIONS
144
Glossary of Terms
145
Bibliography
151
Index
157
About the Author
174
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Colleen Yim was born and raised in Portland, Michigan. She moved and lived in New Delhi, India from 1991-2005 and studied Hindi with the goal of working in education in India. She helped found the East West Educational Foundation, a non-governmental organization that provides language training for expatriate adults, and schooling for expatriate children of humanitarian workers. She has volunteered her time to start English language programs for under-privileged children in Delhi. She received her Ph.D. from Biola University, where she is currently an adjunct professor. She is also an intercultural education trainer and religious consultant with Interlink Management. She currently resides in Pasadena, CA., with her husband and three sons.

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