Recurso del método

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Siglo Veintiuno, 1974 - Philosophy - 343 pages
3 Reviews
Aunque el tirano latinoamericano se nos identifica, casi siempre, con el «caudillo bárbaro» a lo Melgarejo -entre western tropical y Ubu-Roi- a que, desde hace más de un siglo, nos viene acostumbrando la tremebunda imaginería histórica del continente, un paseo más detenido por la galería de dictadores que se vienen sucediendo -a veces casi contemporáneos unos de otros- en nuestras tierras, nos demuestra que, en ellas, menos pesaron, en realidad, los «caudillos bárbaros» que los «tiranos ilustrados». Tirano ilustrado es, por ello, el personaje central de esta obra de Alejo Carpentier, que viene a sumarse al ciclo de sus novelas americanas «de lo real maravilloso». Y aunque su acción se extiende sobre un lapso de quince años, claramente situado en la historia de este siglo, el personaje, por su omnipresencia en el continente, rompe con su propia cronología situándose a la vez, antes y después de la época en que lo hace vivir el autor. El personaje construido por Alejo Carpentier es, en realidad, un montaje de elementos que caracterizaron a numerosas dictaduras latinoamericanas del pasado y del presente, tan fielmente incorporadas al retrato-robot que todo buen conocedor de nuestra historia podría señalar su procedencia. En 1843, se asombraba ya Thomas Carlyle de que «un simple particular macilento, practicante de derecho y doctor en teología», hubiese podido ser el dictador vitalicio de un país de nuestro continente. Lo que no podía advertir el historiador inglés, en su época, era que el Doctor Francia, trascendiendo su propia aventura, había instaurado entre nosotros un método de gobierno cuyos recursos, multiplicados al infinito, son los que siguen rigiendo hoy la vida política de muchas naciones latinoamericanas. De ahí el título de Recurso del método dado a esta novela que se des- arrolla en un país del continente que viene a ser una summa geográfica del menos cartesiano de los mundos posibles.

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - deebee1 - LibraryThing

The first decade of the 20th century sees the leader of an unnamed Latin American country spending more of his time in Paris than home. There, he cultivates the company of high society, indulges his ... Read full review

Review: El recurso del método

User Review  - Ana - Goodreads

I decided to read another book by Alejo Carpentier. Because the I quite liked the one I read before. And I chose one that was a bit thicker. I was scared when I opened it and realized that every ... Read full review

Contents

Section 1
9
Section 2
11
Section 3
37
Copyright

7 other sections not shown

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About the author (1974)

Alejo Carpentier was director of Cuba's National Press, which published many millions of volumes in an ambitious program, and for some years was Cuba's ambassador to France. A composer and musicologist, he consciously applied the principles of musical composition in much of his work. Imprisoned for political activity in 1928, he escaped with the aid of Robert Desnos, a French surrealist poet, to Paris, where he joined the literary circle of surrealists Louis Aragon, Tristan Tzara, and Paul Eluard. According to Carpentier surrealism influenced his style and helped him to see "aspects of American life he had not previously seen, in their telluric, epic, and poetic contexts." Carpentier articulated a theory of marvelous reality, "lo real maravilloso," with an almost surrealistic sense of the relationship among unrelated, or antithetical, elements, often from distinct ethnic and cultural backgrounds. The Lost Steps (1953) takes the form of a diary of a Cuban musician and intellectual who seeks escape from civilization during his trip to a remote Amazon village in search of native musical instruments. The short stories "The Road to Santiago," "Journey to the Seed," and "Similar to Night," present time as subjective rather than historical, and capable of remarkable personal variations. In his novel The Pursuit, printed in The War of Time (1958), whose title is an allusion to a line from Lope de Vega defining a man as "a soldier in the war of time, presents time similarly. "The Kingdom of This World (1949) deals with the period of Henri Christophe and the slave revolts in Haiti. Its circular structure presents the inevitable recurrence of tyranny and the need for eternal struggle against it. Reasons of State (1976), is another notable addition to the gallery of Latin American fictional portraits of dictators. It uses Carpentier's love for baroque style and parody to raise complex questions about the nature of revolution.

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