Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 2, History of Scientific Thought

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 3, 1956 - Body, Mind & Spirit - 697 pages
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The second volume of Dr Joseph Needham's great work Science and Civilisation in China is devoted to the history of scientific thought. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the Confucian milieu in which arose the organic naturalism of the great Taoist school, the scientific philosophy of the Mohists and Logicians, and the quantitative materialism of the Legalists. Thus we are brought on to the fundamental ideas which dominated scientific thinking in the Chinese middle ages. The author opens his discussion by considering the remote and pictographic origins of words fundamental in scientific discourse, and then sets forth the influential doctrines of the Two Forces and the Five Elements. Subsequently he writes of the important sceptical tradition, the effects of Buddhist thought, and the Neo-Confucian climax of Chinese naturalism. Last comes a discussion of the conception of Laws of Nature in China and the West.
  

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Review: Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 2, History of Scientific Thought

User Review  - Hock Tjoa - Goodreads

Many volumes in Needham's heroic series on Science and Civilization go into great detail about how things were done, from agriculture to ship-building. This volume, one of the earlier ones, is Needham ... Read full review

Contents

THE TAO CHIA TAOISTS AND TAOISM
33
THE FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS OF CHINESE
153
j Taoism as a religion
154
h Conclusions
161
6 Scientific thought in the Mohist Canon p
171
c The philosophy of Kungsun Lung p
185
e Logic formal or dialectical? p
198
THE FA CHIA LEGALISTS
204
THE PSEUDOSCIENCES AND
346
BUDDHIST THOUGHT
396
CHIN AND THANG TAOISTS AND SUNG
432
SUNG AND MING IDEALISTS AND
506
e The new or experimental philosophy Huang Lii
516
d Stages in the MesopotamianEuropean differentiation
533
e The acceptance of the legislative metaphor in Renaissance
539
BIBLIOGRAPHIES page
585

SCIENCE page
216
c The school of Naturalists YinYang Chia Tsou Yen
232
d Enumeration orders and symbolic correlations p
253
e The theory of the two fundamental forces p
273
Correlative thinking and its significance Tung Chung
279
Books and journal articles in Western Languages p
616
GENERAL INDEX
655
Table of Chinese Dynasties
699
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About the author (1956)

Joseph Needham FRS (1900-1995) was the founder of the Science and Civilisation in China project.

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