Conflict and the Environment

Front Cover
N.P. Gleditsch
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 30, 1997 - Business & Economics - 598 pages
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Nils Petter Gleditsch International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) & Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trond heim This book could hardly have happened but for the end of the Cold War. The decline of the East-West conflict has opened up the arena for increased attention to other lines of conflict, in Europe and at the global level. Environmental disruption, not a new phenomenon by any means, is a chief beneficiary of the shift in priorities in the public debate. The Scientific and Environmental Affairs Divi sion of NATO has moved with the times and has defined environmental security as one of its priority areas for cooperation with Central and Eastern Europe and countries of the former Soviet Union. This book is the main output of an Advanced Research Workshop (ARW), held in Bolkesjl/l, Norway, 12-16 June 1996. I would like to acknowledge the personal support of L. Veiga da Cunha, Director of the Priority Area on Environmental Security. Research on these issues is now very much a collaborative effort across former lines of division in Europe. NATO encourages, indeed requires, that this be reflected in the composition of the participants, as well as the organizing committee. This meeting was organized by a group of five people from five different countries: Lothar Brock (Germany), Nils Petter Gleditsch (Norway), Thomas Homer-Dixon (Canada), Renat Perelet (Co-Director, Russia), and Evan Vlachos (USA).
  

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Contents

Our Future Common or None at All
3
Environmental Security
15
The Environment and Security Conceptual and Theoretical Issues
17
Environmental Conflict and Environmental Determinism The Relative Importance of Social and Natural Factors
35
Environmental Conflict A Valuesoriented Approach
51
Rethinking Environmental Security
71
Environmental Conflict and the Democratic Peace
91
Environmental Degradation
107
Transboundary Issues in Water Resources
315
Transboundary Water Resources in the Iberian Peninsula
335
Water and Armed Conflict in the Middle East Fantasy or Reality?
355
Water Resources and Conflict Examples from the Middle East
375
Integrating Political and Technical Approaches Lessons from the IsraeliJordanian Water Negotiations
385
Sharing International Rivers A Regional Approach
403
The Aral Sea Syndrome and Regional Cooperation in Central Asia Opportunity or Obstacle?
417
Water Management in the Seversky Donets River A Challenge for the Near Future
435

Conflicts and Environmental Change Models and Methods
109
Military Conflict and Mineral Supplies Results Relevant to Wider Resource Issues
127
Environmental Conflict in Africa
137
China Environmental Stress and Violent Conflict
157
Threats to Security Environmental Degradation in the Former Soviet Union
177
Environmental Ethics and Conflicting Ethnicity A Valueoriented Analysis
191
Environment and Security Property and Regional Problems in Arkhangelsk
207
Fisheries Conflicts
213
States Stocks and Sovereignty High Seas Fishing and the Expansion of State Sovereignty
215
The Turbot War Resolution of an International Fishery Dispute
235
Environmental Refugees
253
Environmental Degradation Migration and the Potential for Violent Conflict
255
In Limbo Environmental Refugees in the Third World
273
Environmental Refugees The Growing Challenge
293
Water Conflicts
313
The Wetlands of Ukraine The National Economy vs the Environment
451
Responses
471
Sustainable Defence A Conceptual Model
473
Environmental Security and Instrument Choice
483
Preempting Violent Conflict Learning from Environmental Cooperation
503
Environmental Conflict and International Integration
519
Environmental Protection from Wartime Damage The Role of International Law
535
International Environmental Justice
555
The Environmental Code and Conflict Resolution
563
Epilogue
571
Report on the Proceedings
573
Name Index
581
Subject Index
589
Copyright

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Page ii - Advanced Science Institutes Series A series presenting the results of activities sponsored by the NATO Science Committee, which aims at the dissemination of advanced scientific and technological knowledge, with a view to strengthening links between scientific communities The series is published by an international board of publishers in conjunction with...
Page ii - B Physics C Mathematical and Physical Sciences D Behavioural and Social Sciences E Applied Sciences F Computer and Systems Sciences G Ecological Sciences H Cell Biology I Global...
Page ii - Series A series presenting the results of activities sponsored by the NATO Science Committee, which aims at the dissemination of advanced scientific and technological knowledge, with a view to strengthening links between scientific communities. The Series is published by an international board of publishers in conjunction with the NATO Scientific Affairs Division A Life Sciences B Physics C Mathematical and Physical Sciences D Behavioural and Social Sciences E Applied Sciences F Computer and Systems...

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About the author (1997)

Nils Petter Gleditsch is senior research fellow at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo.