Technology Transfer Systems in the United States and Germany:: Lessons and Perspectives

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National Academies Press, Sep 26, 1997 - Business & Economics - 425 pages
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This book explores major similarities and differences in the structure, conduct, and performance of the national technology transfer systems of Germany and the United States. It maps the technology transfer landscape in each country in detail, uses case studies to examine the dynamics of technology transfer in four major technology areas, and identifies areas and opportunities for further mutual learning between the two national systems.

  

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Good book to review when enterring in the technology transfer industry. Gives a good introduction to the systems for the time it was written.

Contents

Understanding Technology Transfer
2
Factors Shaping National Technology Transfer Systems
3
Major Similarities
4
Major Differences
5
COMPARISON OF MAJOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER INSTITUTIONS
9
Technology Transfer from Higher Education Institutions
11
Technology Transfer from Government Laboratories
20
Technology Transfer from Contract Research Institutes
25
Organizations That Create and Transfer Technology
152
Organizations That Transfer or Facilitate the Transfer of Technology Created by Others
162
Conclusion
174
Case Studies in Technology Transfer BIOTECHNOLOGY Simon Glynn and Arthur E Humphrey
177
Robert K Carr
193
Simon Glynn and William J Spencer
213
Simon Glynn
224
III TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN GERMANY
241

Technology Transfer by Industrial RD Consortia
27
Role of StartUp Companies in Technology Transfer
29
Technology Transfer to Small and MediumSized Enterprises in Technologically Mature37 Industries
30
Intellectual Property Rights and Technology Transfer to Industry
32
International RD Collaboration and Technology Transfer
34
General Conclusions and Challenges
35
Recommendations
41
Joint GermanUS Recommendations for Fostering Transatlantic Collaboration in RD and Technology Transfer
48
Suggestions for TransatlanticInternational Collaborative Projects TRANSATLANTIC COOPERATIVE COMPUTER APPLICATIONS OVER GLOBA...
53
SUGGESTED DEVELOPMENT OF A TRANSATLANTIC NETWORK OF INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTERS
54
COLLABORATION AMONG GERMAN AND US INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATIONS
55
II TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN THE UNITED STATES
61
INTRODUCTION
62
RD Funders and Performers
63
Distribution of Publicly Funded RD
70
The Industrial RD Enterprise
79
Technology Transfer to US Industry in Context
90
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FROM HIGHER EDUCATION TO INDUSTRY
91
History of UniversityIndustry Relations
96
Technology Transfer by Research Universities and Colleges
99
Overview
124
Federal Laboratories by Major Mission Area
126
History and Legislation
133
Mechanisms
135
Measuring the Performance of Federal Laboratory Technology Transfer
144
The Future of Federal Laboratory Technology Transfer
147
Conclusions
149
Overview
151
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
242
INTRODUCTION
245
General Structures
246
Industrial RD Structures
250
Impact of European Research
263
Universities
272
Max Planck Society
302
Helmholtz Centers
312
Blue List Institutes and Departmental Research Institutes
319
Fraunhofer Society
320
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER BY INDUSTRIAL RD CONSORTIA Federation of Industrial Research Associations
332
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN SELECTED AREAS
341
Technology Transfer in Microelectronics
342
Technology Transfer in Biotechnology
343
Technology Transfer in Production Technology
345
AN ASSESSMENT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN GERMANY
346
Examples of Technology Transfer in Germany GTSGRAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FROM UNIVERSITY TO A NEW TECHNOLOGYBASED ...
349
INDUSTRIAL COOPERATIVE RESEARCH
351
TRANSFER FROM A FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTE TO INDUSTRY
352
ESTABLISHMENT OF A STARTUP COMPANY IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
353
TECHNOLOGY LICENSING BUREAU TLB OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN BADENWURTTEMBERG
354
APPENDIXES
361
Notes
363
References
381
Biographical Information for the Binational Panel
400
Index
409
Copyright

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