Altering American Consciousness: The History of Alcohol and Drug Use in the United States, 1800-2000 (Google eBook)

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Caroline Jean Acker, Sarah W. Tracy
Univ of Massachusetts Press, 2004 - History - 414 pages
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Virtually every American alive has at some point consumed at least one, and very likely more, consciousness altering drug. Even those who actively eschew alcohol, tobacco, and coffee cannot easily avoid the full range of psychoactive substances pervading the culture. If the use of drugs is a constant in American history, the way they have been perceived has varied extensively. Just as the corrupting cigarettes of the early-20th century became the glamorous accessory of Hollywood stars and American GIs in the 1940s, only to fall into public disfavour later as an unhealthy and irresponsible habit, the social significance of every drug changes over time. This work shows how the identity of any psychoactive substance owes as much to its users, their patterns of use, and the cultural context in which the drug is taken, as it owes to the drug's documented physiological effects. Rather than seeing licit drugs and illicit drugs, recreational drugs and medicinal drugs, hard drugs and soft drugs as mutually exclusive categories, it challenges readers to consider the ways in which drugs have shifted historically from one category to another.
  

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Contents

Psychoactive DrugsAn Amencan Way of Life
1
Historical Perspectives on the Rhetoric of Addiction
33
Stalking the Social Logic of ProblemDefinition Transformations since Repeal
61
Alcohol and Narcotics in the American Context
89
Four Centuries of Alcohol Consumption in Indian Country
91
Rel1g1on Medicine Therapy
108
State Medical Reform for Iowa s Inebriates 19021920
124
Dynamics of Opiate Addiction in the Early Twentieth Century
165
The DepressionEra Struggle over Morphine Maintenance in California
225
Gendering the Modern Alcoholism Paradigm 19331960
267
Marital Dramas of Alcoholism in PostWorld War II America
298
No One Listened to Imipramine
329
Sidney Cohens Critique of 1950s Psychedelic Drug Research
353
Addiction Cigarettes and American Culture
383
Further Reading
403
Notes on Contributors
412

Hahitual Narcotic Use and the Logic of Professionalizing Medical Authority in the United States 19001920
182
The Rhetor1c of Drug Reform 19201940
203

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About the author (2004)

Caroline Jean Acker is an associate professor of history at Carnegie Mellon University and cofounder of Prevention Point Pittsburgh, a needle exchange program in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. She is co-editor, with Sarah W. Tracy, of Altering American Consciousness: Essays in the History of Alcohol and Drug Use in the United States, 1800--2000 (University of Massachusetts Press, 2004).

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