Patterns of Faunal Utilization at Kincaid Mounds, Massac County, Illinois

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ProQuest, 2007 - 137 pages
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Kincaid Mounds is a Mississippian Period site in southern Illinois that underwent a series of excavations conducted by the University of Chicago in the 1930s and 1940s. As part of this excavation program, a substantial amount of animal remains were hand-picked from the soil matrix at the time of excavation. In this thesis I analyze those materials in an attempt to understand how complex social relationships were materialized through food choices. In particular, I look at the distribution of taxa, deer skeletal elements, and degree of deer bone processing at four proveniences from the Kincaid site. I also compare the results from Kincaid to contemporaneous sites at Cahokia, Moundville, and sites in the Tombigbee River valley.
  

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Contents

CHAPTERS
1
LIST OF TABLES
2
Map of Mississippian Sites
6
Expected Faunal Correlates Based on Location Use
18
Schematic Map of Kincaid
40
Topographic Map of Kincaid
41
Kincaid Proveniences
42
Plan Map of Mxo4
43
Summary of Fauna by Taxa at Mxv1DEast Feature 2
73
Summary of Fauna by Taxa at Mxv1DSection 1
74
Deer Utility Indices for Mxv1C
75
Deer Utility Indices for Mxv1DEast
76
Deer Utility Indices for Mxv1DEast Fea 1 and 2
77
Deer Anatomical Units NISPfor Mxv1C
78
Deer Anatomical Units NISP for Mxv 1DEast
79
Deer Anatomical Units NISP for Mxv 1DEast Fea 1 and 2
80

Plan Map of Mxv1DEast
44
Proportion of Whole Deer Anatomical Units by Weight
46
Plan Map of Mxv1DSection 1
47
Proportion of Breaks
63
Deer Bone Density and Abundance at Mxv1C
64
Deer Bone Density and Abundance at Mxv1DEast
65
Lower Ohio River Area Sites
66
Summary of Fauna from Lower Ohio River Area Sites
67
Species Present at Sites in the Lower Ohio River Area
68
Summary of Fauna by Taxa at Mxv1CNorth
70
Summary of Fauna by Taxa at Mxo4
71
Summary of Fauna by Taxa at Mxv1DEast Feature 1
72
Deer Anatomical Units weight for Mxv 1C
81
Deer Anatomical Units weight for Mxv 1DEast
82
Deer Anatomical Units weight for Mxv 1DEast Fea 1 and 2
83
Deer Bone Fragmentation at Mxv 1C
84
Deer Bone Fragmentation at Mxv 1DEast
85
Deer Bone Fragmentation at Mxv 1DEast Fea 1 and 2
86
Deer Utility Indices Cahokia
107
Deer Anatomical Units weight Lubbub and Yarborough 108 Figure 40 Deer Anatomical Units weight Kincaid
108
Deer Anatomical Units weight Moundville
109
REFERENCES CITED
110
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