Buddha and Early Buddhism

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General Books LLC, 2009 - 226 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1881. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XV. BUDDHA IN AMERICA. The popular notion that Columbus and his followers were the first inhabitants of the eastern hemisphere that reached the western continent, is becoming dissipated by modern research. M. A. de Quatrefages maintains that the discovery of the black man, the white man, and the yellow man amongst the so-called aborigines is a proof of the distinct migrations of each of those great human families.1 He shows that there are many points where geography would assist migrations by sea. At Behring Straits the two continents are brought close together, and the passage is partly bridged by the group of the St. Laurence Islands.2 Kamtschatka and Alaska, with the intervening Aleutian Islands, show another point of passage in the Polar regions which the Tchukchees on both shores frequently use. The currents of Tessan, the Black Stream of the Japanese, have frequently cast floating bodies and abandoned junks upon the shores of California. The equatorial current of the Atlantic opens a similar route, leading from Africa to America.3 The Chinese books speak of a country called Fou Sang, to which they sent Buddhist missionaries in the fifth century. Fou Sang is 20,000 li (a li is 486 yards) from China. In following the course of the Black Stream of the Japanese these figures would bring us to California, 1 The Human Species, p. 201. 2 Ibid., p. 199. 3 Ibid. Q where the abandoned junks were, stranded. Fou Sang means literally the extreme east. Klaproth has combated the idea that Fou Sang is the continent of America, and holds that it meant Japan. But M. de Eisny has shown from a Japanese encyclopaedia that the Japanese also were aware of these Buddhist missions to a distant land, which they call Fou So. The Chinese writers speak of copper, gold, ...

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