Effortless Action: Wu-wei As Conceptual Metaphor and Spiritual Ideal in Early China (Google eBook)

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Oxford University Press, Mar 19, 2003 - Religion - 368 pages
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This book presents a systematic account of the role of the personal spiritual ideal of wu-wei--literally "no doing," but better rendered as "effortless action"--in early Chinese thought. Edward Slingerland's analysis shows that wu-wei represents the most general of a set of conceptual metaphors having to do with a state of effortless ease and unself-consciousness. This concept of effortlessness, he contends, serves as a common ideal for both Daoist and Confucian thinkers. He also argues that this concept contains within itself a conceptual tension that motivates the development of early Chinese thought: the so-called "paradox of wu-wei," or the question of how one can consciously "try not to try." Methodologically, this book represents a preliminary attempt to apply the contemporary theory of conceptual metaphor to the study of early Chinese thought. Although the focus is upon early China, both the subject matter and methodology have wider implications. The subject of wu-wei is relevant to anyone interested in later East Asian religious thought or in the so-called "virtue-ethics" tradition in the West. Moreover, the technique of conceptual metaphor analysis--along with the principle of "embodied realism" upon which it is based--provides an exciting new theoretical framework and methodological tool for the study of comparative thought, comparative religion, intellectual history, and even the humanities in general. Part of the purpose of this work is thus to help introduce scholars in the humanities and social sciences to this methodology, and provide an example of how it may be applied to a particular sub-field.
  

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Contents

Introduction
3
Wuwei as Conceptual Metaphor
21
Wuwei in the Analects
43
Wuwei in the Laozi
77
Wuwei in the Inner Training and the Mohist Rejection of Wuwei
119
Wuwei in the Mencius
131
Wuwei in the Zhuangzi
175
Wuwei in the Xunzi
217
The ManyDao Theory
275
Textual Issues Concerning the Analects
277
Textual Issues Concerning the Laozi
279
Textual Issues Concerning the Zhuangzi
285
Notes
287
Bibliography
333
Index
347
Copyright

Conclusion
265

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About the author (2003)

Edward Slingerland is Assistant Professor of East Asian Languages & Cultures and Religion at the University of Southern California (homepage: www-rcf.usc.edu/~slingerl).

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