Great Scientific Experiments: Twenty Experiments that Changed Our View of the World

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Courier Dover Publications, 2002 - Science - 222 pages
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These vividly recounted tales of human skill and ingenuity offer fascinating views of the correlation between theories, practical inquiries, ideas, and facts. Re-created strictly on the basis of the original publication in which the results were first announced, the scrupulously accurate retellings of 20 groundbreaking scientific experiments are complemented with rare photos and illustrations.
Based on such criteria as fame, historical importance, elegance, and economy of method, the experiments include Aristotle's work on the embryology of the chick, Galileo's discovery of the law of descent, Newton's experiment on the nature of colors, Lavoisier's proof of the oxygen hypothesis, William Beaumont's work on the process of digestion, Faraday's demonstration of the identity of all forms of electricity, J. J. Thompson's discovery of the electron, Michelson and Morely's demonstration of the impossibility of detecting the motion of the earth, and a dozen others.
Each experiment is appraised and analyzed in the light of subsequent developments, placing the work within the context of the history of science. In addition to diagrams and photographs of the experimental method and apparatus, brief biographies and portraits of the scientist appear as well.
Rom Harré is a Fellow Emeritus of Linacre College, Oxford, and an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University and American University, Washington, D.C.

  

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Contents

Introduction
9
Formal Aspects of Method
29
Exploring the Characteristics of a Naturally Occurring Process
30
Deciding between Rival Hypotheses
48
Finding the Form of a Law Inductively
75
The Use of Models to Simulate an otherwise Unresearchable Process
92
Exploiting an Accident
101
Null Results
123
Finding the Hidden Mechanism of a Known Effect
136
Existence Proofs
154
The Decomposition of an Apparently Simple Phenomenon
181
The Demonstration of Underlying Unity within Apparent Variety
190
Technique
199
Accuracy and Care in Manipulation
200
The Power and Versatility of Apparatus
211
Copyright

Developing the Content of a Theory
135

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JSTOR: Great Scientific Experiments: Twenty Experiments That ...
Great Scientific Experiments: Twenty Experiments That Changed Our View of the World. John P. Losee. Isis, Vol. 76, No. 1, 92-93. Mar., 1985. Rom Harre. ...
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GERMS, GENES AND THE BODY:. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN MODERN MEDICINE. History 381 Honors. SPRING 2006 SYLLABUS. Stephen Pemberton ...
andromeda.rutgers.edu/ ~history/ directory/ facstaff/ pemberton/ Pemberton_381_H02_Spring2006.pdf

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Philosophy of the Quantitative Sciences. Part 1: Unification, Curve Fitting, and Cross Validation. Malcolm Forster (November 17, 2003) ...
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About the author (2002)

ROM HARR has been a longtime University Lecturer on the Philosophy of Science at Oxford University. He is also a Emeritus Fellow of Linacre College, Oxford, and has been visiting professor at universities around the world. He has authored or co-authored nearly 60 books.

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