The Ganga: Water Use in the Indian Subcontinent (Google eBook)
The geo-hydro-morphometry of the river Ganges has a history of long and wide variations as the river is continuously fed by the high Himalayas hill ranges, the highest in the world. The river is categorized as an international one, passing through several independent countries. The major flow of the river used to flow through the branch river, Bhagirathi-Hooghly on the banks of which both city and port of Calcutta (now renamed Kolkata) are situated. However, due to massive tectonic and morphological changes, the flow through the branch river has gradually decreased resulting in enormous damages to the port and the city. After more than a century of investigations on the probable causes of deterioration and its remedies, a barrage across the river had been constructed near a place called Farakka in the Murshidabad district of West Bengal, India for diversion of a part of lean season flow (40,000 cu secs) from the parent river to the branch river for the resuscitation of the branch river and revitalization of the port of Calcutta. The turmoil started since the construction of barrage between 1965-1975 and the major neighbouring countries, India and Bangladesh, were locked in the dispute over sharing the water of the parent river. After several rounds of discussions at different levels between the two countries, short-term agreements were signed two times, one in 1977 and the other in 1985, and finally one long term Treaty was signed in 1996 between the two countries in an atmosphere of peaceful co-existence. Audience: The book will be of interest to researchers and scientists, professionals and policymakers in water resources management and environmental science, conservation policy and development research.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
14 Necessity of Regional Cooperation
15 My Views
About the Author
agreement alluvial April augmentation bank erosion Bay of Bengal beneﬁts Bhagirathi Bhagirathi-Hooghly Bihar Brahmaputra Calcutta Port construction countries cumecs cusecs dams Delhi deposited Dhaka Dhulian difﬁcult district diversion downstream dredging dry season dry-season ﬂow effects embankment estuary experts Farakka Barrage Farakka Barrage Project feeder canal ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂood ﬂow ﬂow at Farakka Ganga at Farakka Ganga basin Ganga ﬂow Ganga water Government of India gradually ground-water Haldia Hardinge Bridge Hooghly increased India and Bangladesh irrigation Jalangi Jangipur Jyoti Basu Kolkata land lean season left bank Malda Meander Meghna million cubic minimum monsoon months Murshidabad navigation channel Nepal offtake Padma Pakistan period Prime Minister proposal Rajmahal reduced region right bank river basin river ﬂows salinity schemes side silt siltation Springer Science+Business Media stream sufﬁcient Table tidal tides Treaty tributaries upland discharge upper reaches upstream Uttar Pradesh water at Farakka water resources West Bengal