(Re)constructing Armenia in Lebanon and Syria: Ethno-cultural Diversity and the State in the Aftermath of a Refugee Crisis

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Berghahn Books, 2008 - Social Science - 242 pages
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For almost nine decades, since their mass-resettlement to the Levant in the wake of the Genocide and First World War, the Armenian communities of Lebanon and Syria appear to have successfully maintained a distinct identity as an ethno-culturally diverse group, in spite of representing a small non-Arab and Christian minority within a very different, mostly Arab and Muslim environment. The author shows that, while in Lebanon the state has facilitated the development of an extensive and effective system of Armenian ethno-cultural preservation, in Syria the emergence of centralizing, authoritarian regimes in the 1950s and 1960s has severely damaged the autonomy and cultural diversity of the Armenian community. Since 1970, the coming to power of the Asad family has contributed to a partial recovery of Armenian ethno-cultural diversity, as the community seems to have developed some form of tacit arrangement with the regime. In Lebanon, on the other hand, the Armenian community suffered the consequences of the recurrent breakdown of the consociational arrangement that regulates public life. In both cases the survival of Armenian cultural distinctiveness seems to be connected, rather incidentally, with the continuing ‘search for legitimacy’ of the state.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Origins of the Armenian Presence in Lebanon
7
The Armenians in Lebanon
45
The Armenians in Lebanon
89
Religious Policy and the Armenians in Independent
110
Armenian Cultural Production between Flourishing
122
Political Economy and the Social Position of
132
The Armenians
147
Armenian Culture and Media in Lebanon and Syria
166
in Lebanon and Syria in the 1990s and Beyond
179
Armenian Churches and the State in Contemporary
192
Armenian Associations and the State in Contemporary
200
Armenian Cultural Production and the State
207
Conclusion
221
Index
238
Copyright

The Armenian Churches in Lebanon and Syria in
159

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About the author (2008)

Nicola Migliorino earned his PhD from the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter. His research has focused on Lebanon, Syria, and questions concerning ethno-cultural diversity in the contemporary Arab world. Between 1998 and 2000 he worked for an international NGO assisting Palestine refugees in Syria. He is currently Assistant Professor in International Studies at Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco, and Honorary Research Fellow at the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter.

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