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absolute absolutely infinite according action affections appear appetite approve arises Aristippus Aristotle beautiful become benevolence body called categorical imperative cause character Chrysippus conceive conception conduct consciousness consequently consider contrary creature desire determined distinct divine duty Epicurus essence ethical Euthydemus evil existence external faculty feel follow freedom Glaucon happiness Hecaton Hence honour human idea individual infinite intellectual interest judge justice kind knowledge lative live mankind manner matter means merely mind moral motive natural justice nature of things necessarily NOEMA notion object obligation observe ourselves pain particular passions perceive perfect person philosophy Plato pleasure Posidonius practical present principle Prop proposition prudence rational rational agents realize reason reference regard relation rule self-love sense sentiments society Socrates soul suppose synthetic proposition temperance theological virtues things thou thought tion true truth universal utilitarian vice virtue virtuous whole words
Page 221 - A LAW OF NATURE, (lex naturalis,) is a precept, or general rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do that, which is destructive of his life, or taketh away the means of preserving the same; and to omit that, by which he thinketh it may be best preserved.
Page 221 - The RIGHT OF NATURE, which writers commonly call jus naturale, is the liberty each man hath, to use his own power, as he will himself, for the preservation of his own nature; that is to say, of his own life; and consequently, of doing any thing, which in his own judgment, and reason, he shall conceive to be the aptest means thereunto...
Page 484 - By utility is meant that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness, (all this in the present case comes to the same thing) or (what comes again to the same thing) to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered...
Page 479 - the doing good to mankind, in " obedience to the will of God, and for the " sake of everlasting happiness...
Page 45 - You have shown me a strange image, and they are strange prisoners. Like ourselves, I replied ; and they see only their own shadows, or the shadows of one another, which the fire throws on the opposite wall of the cave?
Page 382 - For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;) In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Page 444 - When we see a stroke aimed and just ready to fall upon the leg or arm of another person, we naturally shrink and draw back our own leg or our own arm...
Page 488 - By the principle of utility is meant that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question: or, what is the same thing in other words, to promote or to oppose that happiness.
Page 369 - For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office; so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
Page 484 - A measure of government (which is but a particular kind of action, performed by a particular person or persons) may be said to be conformable to or dictated by the principle of utility, when in like manner the tendency which it has to augment the happiness of the community is greater...
JSTOR: The Classical Moralists.
The Classical Moralists by Benjamin Rand at Questia Online Library
The Classical Moralists by Rand